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Early influences on child satiety-responsiveness: the role of weaning style / A. Brown; M. D. Lee

Pediatric Obesity, Volume: 10, Issue: 1, Pages: 57 - 66

Swansea University Author: Lee, Michelle

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DOI (Published version): 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2013.00207.x

Abstract

Background: Nutrition during infancy may have a long-term impact upon weight gain and eating style.How infants are introduced to solid foods may be important. Traditionally, infants are introduced to solidfoods via spoon-feeding of purees. However, baby-led weaning advocates allowing infants to self...

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Published in: Pediatric Obesity
Published: 2015
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa21593
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Abstract: Background: Nutrition during infancy may have a long-term impact upon weight gain and eating style.How infants are introduced to solid foods may be important. Traditionally, infants are introduced to solidfoods via spoon-feeding of purees. However, baby-led weaning advocates allowing infants to self-feedfoods in their whole form. Advocates suggest this may promote healthy eating styles, but evidence issparse. The aim of the current study was to compare child eating behaviour at 18–24 months betweeninfants weaned using a traditional weaning approach and those weaned using a baby-led weaning style.Methods: Two hundred ninety-eight mothers with an infant aged 18–24 months completed a longitudinal,self-report questionnaire. In Phase One, mothers with an infant aged 6–12 months reported breastfeedingduration, timing of solid foods, weaning style (baby-led or standard) and maternal control, measured usingthe Child Feeding Questionnaire. At 18–24 months, post-partum mothers completed a follow-up questionnaireexamining child eating style (satiety-responsiveness, food-responsiveness, fussiness, enjoyment offood) and reported child weight.Results: Infants weaned using a baby-led approach were significantly more satiety-responsive and lesslikely to be overweight compared with those weaned using a standard approach. This was independent ofbreastfeeding duration, timing of introduction to complementary foods and maternal control.Conclusions: A baby-led weaning approach may encourage greater satiety-responsiveness and healthyweight-gain trajectories in infants. However, the limitations of a self-report correlational study are noted.Further research using randomized controlled trial is needed.
Keywords: baby-led; child weight; satiety responsiveness; weaning
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 1
Start Page: 57
End Page: 66