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Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model / M Price; M Lee; S Higgs

International Journal of Obesity

Swansea University Author: Lee, Michelle

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DOI (Published version): 10.1038/ijo.2015.235

Abstract

Background/Objectives: The relationship between response inhibition and obesity is currently unclear. This may be because of inconsistencies in methodology, design limitations and the use of narrow samples. In addition, dietary restraint has not been considered, yet restraint has been reported to mo...

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Published in: International Journal of Obesity
Published: 2015
Online Access: http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ijo2015235a.html
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa26418
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first_indexed 2016-02-22T12:59:37Z
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fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2019-01-31T13:54:36Z</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>26418</id><entry>2016-02-18</entry><title>Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model</title><alternativeTitle></alternativeTitle><author>Michelle Lee</author><firstname>Michelle</firstname><surname>Lee</surname><active>true</active><ORCID>0000-0002-1291-5895</ORCID><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent><sid>503d8657d47c066ada31f344b030c352</sid><email>0f75cba8cdba652eff19abe1f6b152f5</email><emailaddr>fVNxOUUOJ3rJn3pqiWuTw4JSbZF11mHm1K8NtCGVMYw=</emailaddr><date>2016-02-18</date><deptcode>HPS</deptcode><abstract>Background/Objectives: The relationship between response inhibition and obesity is currently unclear. This may be because of inconsistencies in methodology, design limitations and the use of narrow samples. In addition, dietary restraint has not been considered, yet restraint has been reported to moderate performance on behavioural tasks of response inhibition. The aim of this study was to investigate performance on both a food-based and a neutral stimuli go/no-go task, which addresses current design limitations, in lean and overweight/obese adults. The moderating role of dietary restraint in the relationship between body composition, response inhibition and snack intake was also measured.Subjects/Methods: Lean and overweight/obese, males and females (N=116) completed both a food-based and neutral category control go/no-go task, in a fully counterbalanced repeated-measures design. A bogus taste-test was then completed, followed by a self-report measure of dietary restraint.Results: PROCESS moderated-mediation analysis showed that overweight/obese, compared with lean, participants made more errors on the food-based (but not the neutral) go/no-go task, but only when they were low in dietary restraint. Performance on the food-based go/no-go task predicted snack intake across the sample. Increased intake in the overweight, low restrainers was fully mediated by increased errors on the food-based (but not the neutral) go/no-go task.Conclusions: Distinguishing between high and low restrained eaters in the overweight/obese population is crucial in future obesity research incorporating food-based go/no-go tasks. Poor response inhibition to food cues predicts overeating across weight groups, suggesting weight loss interventions and obesity prevention programmes should target behavioural inhibition training in such individuals.</abstract><type>Journal article</type><journal>International Journal of Obesity</journal><volume/><journalNumber/><paginationStart/><paginationEnd/><publisher></publisher><placeOfPublication/><isbnPrint/><isbnElectronic/><issnPrint/><issnElectronic/><keywords>obesity, response inhibition, impulsivity, restraint</keywords><publishedDay>23</publishedDay><publishedMonth>11</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2015</publishedYear><publishedDate>2015-11-23</publishedDate><doi>10.1038/ijo.2015.235</doi><url>http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ijo2015235a.html</url><notes></notes><college>College of Human and Health Sciences</college><department>Psychology</department><CollegeCode>CHHS</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>HPS</DepartmentCode><institution/><researchGroup>Nursing and Practice Development</researchGroup><supervisor/><sponsorsfunders/><grantnumber/><degreelevel/><degreename>None</degreename><lastEdited>2019-01-31T13:54:36Z</lastEdited><Created>2016-02-18T09:46:52Z</Created><path><level id="1">College of Human and Health Sciences</level><level id="2">Psychology</level></path><authors><author><firstname>M</firstname><surname>Price</surname><orcid/><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>M</firstname><surname>Lee</surname><orcid/><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>S</firstname><surname>Higgs</surname><orcid/><order>3</order></author></authors><documents/></rfc1807>
spelling 2019-01-31T13:54:36Z v2 26418 2016-02-18 Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model Michelle Lee Michelle Lee true 0000-0002-1291-5895 false 503d8657d47c066ada31f344b030c352 0f75cba8cdba652eff19abe1f6b152f5 fVNxOUUOJ3rJn3pqiWuTw4JSbZF11mHm1K8NtCGVMYw= 2016-02-18 HPS Background/Objectives: The relationship between response inhibition and obesity is currently unclear. This may be because of inconsistencies in methodology, design limitations and the use of narrow samples. In addition, dietary restraint has not been considered, yet restraint has been reported to moderate performance on behavioural tasks of response inhibition. The aim of this study was to investigate performance on both a food-based and a neutral stimuli go/no-go task, which addresses current design limitations, in lean and overweight/obese adults. The moderating role of dietary restraint in the relationship between body composition, response inhibition and snack intake was also measured.Subjects/Methods: Lean and overweight/obese, males and females (N=116) completed both a food-based and neutral category control go/no-go task, in a fully counterbalanced repeated-measures design. A bogus taste-test was then completed, followed by a self-report measure of dietary restraint.Results: PROCESS moderated-mediation analysis showed that overweight/obese, compared with lean, participants made more errors on the food-based (but not the neutral) go/no-go task, but only when they were low in dietary restraint. Performance on the food-based go/no-go task predicted snack intake across the sample. Increased intake in the overweight, low restrainers was fully mediated by increased errors on the food-based (but not the neutral) go/no-go task.Conclusions: Distinguishing between high and low restrained eaters in the overweight/obese population is crucial in future obesity research incorporating food-based go/no-go tasks. Poor response inhibition to food cues predicts overeating across weight groups, suggesting weight loss interventions and obesity prevention programmes should target behavioural inhibition training in such individuals. Journal article International Journal of Obesity obesity, response inhibition, impulsivity, restraint 23 11 2015 2015-11-23 10.1038/ijo.2015.235 http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ijo2015235a.html College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology CHHS HPS Nursing and Practice Development None 2019-01-31T13:54:36Z 2016-02-18T09:46:52Z College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology M Price 1 M Lee 2 S Higgs 3
title Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model
spellingShingle Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model
Lee, Michelle
title_short Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model
title_full Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model
title_fullStr Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model
title_full_unstemmed Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model
title_sort Food-specific response inhibition, dietary restraint and snack intake in lean and overweight/obese adults: a moderated-mediation model
author_id_str_mv 503d8657d47c066ada31f344b030c352
author_id_fullname_str_mv 503d8657d47c066ada31f344b030c352_***_Lee, Michelle
author Lee, Michelle
author2 M Price
M Lee
S Higgs
format Journal article
container_title International Journal of Obesity
publishDate 2015
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.1038/ijo.2015.235
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Psychology{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Psychology
url http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ijo2015235a.html
document_store_str 0
active_str 1
researchgroup_str Nursing and Practice Development
description Background/Objectives: The relationship between response inhibition and obesity is currently unclear. This may be because of inconsistencies in methodology, design limitations and the use of narrow samples. In addition, dietary restraint has not been considered, yet restraint has been reported to moderate performance on behavioural tasks of response inhibition. The aim of this study was to investigate performance on both a food-based and a neutral stimuli go/no-go task, which addresses current design limitations, in lean and overweight/obese adults. The moderating role of dietary restraint in the relationship between body composition, response inhibition and snack intake was also measured.Subjects/Methods: Lean and overweight/obese, males and females (N=116) completed both a food-based and neutral category control go/no-go task, in a fully counterbalanced repeated-measures design. A bogus taste-test was then completed, followed by a self-report measure of dietary restraint.Results: PROCESS moderated-mediation analysis showed that overweight/obese, compared with lean, participants made more errors on the food-based (but not the neutral) go/no-go task, but only when they were low in dietary restraint. Performance on the food-based go/no-go task predicted snack intake across the sample. Increased intake in the overweight, low restrainers was fully mediated by increased errors on the food-based (but not the neutral) go/no-go task.Conclusions: Distinguishing between high and low restrained eaters in the overweight/obese population is crucial in future obesity research incorporating food-based go/no-go tasks. Poor response inhibition to food cues predicts overeating across weight groups, suggesting weight loss interventions and obesity prevention programmes should target behavioural inhibition training in such individuals.
published_date 2015-11-23T21:17:10Z
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score 10.836733