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Understanding the relationship between breastfeeding and postnatal depression: the role of pain and physical difficulties / Amy Brown; Jaynie Rance; Paul Bennett

Journal of Advanced Nursing, Volume: 72, Issue: 2, Pages: 273 - 282

Swansea University Author: Rance, Jaynie

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DOI (Published version): 10.1111/jan.12832

Abstract

The study aims to examine the relationship between mother's reasons for stopping breastfeeding and depressive symptoms in the postnatal period. Difficulty breastfeeding has been connected to postnatal depression although the direction of causality is unclear. However, the concept of ‘breastfeed...

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Published in: Journal of Advanced Nursing
ISSN: 03092402
Published: 2016
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa28094
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Abstract: The study aims to examine the relationship between mother's reasons for stopping breastfeeding and depressive symptoms in the postnatal period. Difficulty breastfeeding has been connected to postnatal depression although the direction of causality is unclear. However, the concept of ‘breastfeeding difficulty’ is wide and includes biological, psychological and social factors. This study reports findings from a cross-sectional self-report survey. Data were collected between December 2012 and February 2013. 217 women with an infant aged 0-6 months who had started breastfeeding at birth but had stopped before 6 months old completed a questionnaire which asked about breastfeeding duration and reasons for stopping breastfeeding. respondents further completed a copy of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. A short breastfeeding duration and a variety of reasons for stopping breastfeeding were associated with higher depression score. Further regression analysis revealed only the specific reasons of stopping breastfeeding for physical difficulty and pain remained predictive of depression score.Conclusions. Understanding women’s specific reasons for stopping breastfeeding rather than breastfeeding duration is critical in understanding women’s breastfeeding experience and providing women with emotional support. Issues with pain and physical breastfeeding were most indicative of postnatal depression in comparison to psychosocial reasons highlighting the importance of spendingtime with new mothers to help them with issues such as latch.
Keywords: breastfeeding, difficulty, formula feeding, health visiting, midwives,
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 2
Start Page: 273
End Page: 282