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Insight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams. / Mark Blagrove; Chris Edwards; Elaine van Rijn; Alex Reid; Josie Malinowski; Paul Bennett; Michelle Carr; Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub; Shauna McGee; Katie Evans; Perrine Ruby

Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, Volume: 6, Pages: 138 - 162

Swansea University Author: Blagrove, Mark

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DOI (Published version): 10.1037/cns0000167

Abstract

Throughout history, there have been reports and claims that consideration of dreams can produce personal realizations and insight. We assessed Exploration–Insight scores associated with discussing REM and non-REM dreams in connection with recent waking life experiences. Thirty-one participants were...

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Published in: Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice
ISSN: 2326-5523 2326-5531
Published: American Psychological Association 2019
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa41116
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Abstract: Throughout history, there have been reports and claims that consideration of dreams can produce personal realizations and insight. We assessed Exploration–Insight scores associated with discussing REM and non-REM dreams in connection with recent waking life experiences. Thirty-one participants were cued in the sleep laboratory for a daydream report and then awakened from REM and N2 sleep for dream reports. Participants subsequently discussed each of their dream and daydream reports for 30–40 min with two experimenters, following the structured Ullman (1996) dream group discussion procedure. Participants assessed the benefit of discussing the reports by completing the Gains from (Day)Dream Interpretation (G[D]DI) questionnaire. We found no difference in G(D)DI scores between discussing REM and N2 dream reports, and no difference between dream and daydream discussions in engagement and thoroughness of exploring the reports. However, discussing dream reports produced higher scores on the G(D)DI Exploration–Insight subscale compared with discussing daydream reports. Significant differences were evident in items reflecting the learning of what the report means in terms of waking life issues. Frontal theta prior to waking from N2 was significantly associated with Exploration–Insight score obtained after N2 dream discussion, but this relationship was not found for REM dreams. The findings of high ratings of Exploration–Insight after discussing dreams were evident even though participants did not select the dream, unlike what can occur for home recorded dreams, and even though discussion was brief. We suggest that insight might be produced by embodied and metaphorical thinking in dreams.
Item Description: Authors Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Elaine van Rijn, Alex Reid, Josie Malinowski, Paul Bennett, Michelle Carr, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Shauna McGee, Katie Evans and Perrine Ruby
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Start Page: 138
End Page: 162