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Au carrefour des ruptures: Une analyse de certains romans de Gisele Pineau, de Tony Delsham et d'Axel Gauvin. / Priscilla Maunier

Swansea University Author: Priscilla Maunier

Abstract

"This comparative thesis calls into question the inherent negativity of the historical rupture of the former French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion, by means of a literary analysis of nine francophone postcolonial texts by Gisele Pineau, Tony Delsham and Axel Gauvin. Rupture does...

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Published: 2008
Institution: Swansea University
Degree level: Doctoral
Degree name: Ph.D
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa42523
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Abstract: "This comparative thesis calls into question the inherent negativity of the historical rupture of the former French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion, by means of a literary analysis of nine francophone postcolonial texts by Gisele Pineau, Tony Delsham and Axel Gauvin. Rupture does not only refer to major historical caesurae such as slave deportation, colonisation or departmentalisation. This study contends that these historical ruptures generate other types of rupture in these literary works. By reference to the theoretical writings of Edouard Glissant, the thesis therefore explores the themes of opacity, alienation, exile, filiation and 'oraliture' (literary orality) in relation to the notion of rupture. The first chapter explores opacity as a literary representation of rupture through the portrayal of geographical destruction, familial loss, and physical devastation and violence in Pineau's L'Esperance-Macadam and Gauvin's L'Aime. Chapter Two analyses the notion of the 'drive' in Delsham's Xavier and Gauvin's Train fou. An Antillean term signifying uncontrollable wandering which often leads to madness, the 'drive' is interpreted as a modem phenomenon resulting from Martinique's colonisation and departmentalisation. The third chapter focuses on exile in Pineau's L 'Exil selon Julia and Gauvin's Faims d'enfance as an expression of geographical and linguistic rupture both from and within the native country. Further, rupture also connotes the transition experienced by the young protagonists. Chapter Four considers the concepts of rupture and filiation in Pineau's La Grande Drive des esprits and Delsham's Negropolitains. Filiation is understood in a broader sense as multiple and also illegitimiate, pointing towards a notion of Antillean identity as a rhizome. The final chapter investigates 'oraliture' in Pineau's La Grande Drive des esprits and Delsham's Fanm Dewd, examining the ways in which the oral ruptures the written through the return of key figures and musical instruments associated with traditional tales. Cette these d'etudes comparees souleve des questions a propos de la negativite inherente a la rupture historique des anciennes colonies francaises de la Guadeloupe, de la Martinique et de la Reunion, en analysant neuf textes postcoloniaux francophones ecrits par Gisele Pineau, Tony Delsham et Axel Gauvin. La rupture ne renvoie pas seulement aux coupures historiques majeures telles que la deportation, la colonisation ou la departementalisation. Cette etude soutient que ces ruptures historiques generent d'autres types de rupture dans ces textes litteraires. En faisant reference aux ecrits theoriques d'Edouard Glissant, la these explore done les themes de I'opacite, de I'alienation, de I'exil, de la filiation et de I'oraliture par rapport a la notion de la rupture. Le premier chapitre examine I'opacite comme une representation litteraire de la rupture a travers la coupure geographique, la perte familiale, la devastation physique et la violence dans L'Esperance-Macadam de Gisele Pineau et dans L'Aime d'Axel Gauvin. Le second chapitre analyse la notion de la " drive " dans Xavier de Delsham et dans Train fou de Gauvin. La 'drive', terme antillais signifiant l`errance incontrolable qui mene souvent a la folie, est interpretee comme un phenomene modeme resultant de la colonisation et de la departementalisation martiniquaise. Le troisieme chapitre explore I'exil dans L 'Exil selon Julia de Pineau et dans Faims d`enfance d'Axel Gauvin, comme expression de la rupture geographique et linguistique a l`interieur et a I'exterieur du pays natal. En outre, la rupture se manifeste aussi lors de la transition d'adolescence des jeunes protagonistes. Le quatrieme chapitre met en relief les concepts de rupture et de filiation, dans La Grande Drive des esprits de Pineau et dans Negropolitains de Delsham. La filiation s'entend dans un sens large comme etant multiple et aussi illegitime, ce qui tend a montrer la notion de I'identite antillaise rhizome. Le dernier chapitre, se concentrant dans La Grande Drive des esprits de Pineau et dans Fanm Dewo de Delsham, sur I'oraliture, examine les methodes par lesquelles I'oral domine I'ecrit par le retour de personnages cles et des instruments de musique associes a la tradition orale."
Keywords: French literature.;Comparative literature.
College: College of Arts and Humanities