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Effect of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy on Static and Dynamic Measures of Glucose Homeostasis and Incretin Hormone Response 4-Years Post-Operatively / Thinzar Min; Sarah L. Prior; Rachel Churm; Gareth Dunseath; Jonathan D. Barry; Jeffrey W. Stephens

Obesity Surgery

Swansea University Author: Churm, Rachel

Abstract

IntroductionThere is limited literature available on the long-term effect of bariatric surgery especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on the incretin hormone response.AimOur primary aim was to investigate changes in glucose metabolism and incretin hormone responses in participants with imp...

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Published in: Obesity Surgery
ISSN: 0960-8923 1708-0428
Published: 2019
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa51488
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Abstract: IntroductionThere is limited literature available on the long-term effect of bariatric surgery especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on the incretin hormone response.AimOur primary aim was to investigate changes in glucose metabolism and incretin hormone responses in participants with impaired glucose regulation approximately 4 years after LSG. The secondary aim was to examine the long-term incretin hormone changes of biliopancreatic diversion (BPD).MethodA non-randomised prospective study comprising of 10 participants undergoing LSG and 6 participants undergoing BPD. Serial measurements of glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) were performed during an oral glucose tolerance test pre-operatively and 1 month, 6 months and at approximately 4–7 years post-operatively. Area under the curve (AUC) was examined at 60 and 120 min.ResultsIn the LSG group, a significant reduction in 2-h plasma glucose (2 h PG), HbA1c and HOMA-IR was observed at 4 years. Compared with pre-operative levels, significant increases in post-glucose GLP-1 secretion were observed at 1 and 6 months, but not maintained at 4 years. A linear increase was seen in post-glucose GIP response at 1 month and 6 months and 4 years. Within the BPD group, a reduction in HbA1c along with an increase GLP-1 response was observed at 7 years.ConclusionAn increase in GLP-1 response was not preserved at 4 years, but a significant increase in GIP response was observed along with improved glycaemic control following LSG.
Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Sleeve gastrectomy; Incretin hormone changes; Diabetes
College: College of Engineering