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Impairment in the recognition of emotion across different media following traumatic brain injury / Claire Williams; Rodger Ll Wood

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Volume: 32, Issue: 2, Pages: 113 - 122

Swansea University Author: Williams, Claire

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Abstract

<p>The current study examined emotion recognition following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and examined whether performance differed according to the affective valence and type of media presentation of the stimuli. A total of 64 patients with TBI and matched controls completed the Emotion Evalua...

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Published in: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
ISSN: 1380-3395 1744-411X
Published: Taylor and Francis 2009
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa6742
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Abstract: <p>The current study examined emotion recognition following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and examined whether performance differed according to the affective valence and type of media presentation of the stimuli. A total of 64 patients with TBI and matched controls completed the Emotion Evaluation Test (EET) and Ekman 60 Faces Test (E-60-FT). Patients with TBI also completed measures of information processing and verbal ability. Results revealed that the TBI group were significantly impaired compared to controls when recognizing emotion on the EET and E-60-FT. A significant main effect of valence was found in both groups, with poor recognition of negative emotions. However, the difference between the recognition of positive and negative emotions was larger in the TBI group. The TBI group were also more accurate recognizing emotion displayed in audiovisual media (EET) than that displayed in still media (E-60-FT). No significant relationship was obtained between emotion recognition tasks and information-processing speed. A significant positive relationship was found between the E-60-FT and one measure of verbal ability. These findings support models of emotion that specify separate neurological pathways for certain emotions and different media and confirm that patients with TBI are vulnerable to experiencing emotion recognition difficulties.</p>
Keywords: Traumatic Brain Injury; Emotion Recognition; Affective Valence; Cognitive Tests; media Presentation
College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 2
Start Page: 113
End Page: 122