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Life cycle assessment of sponge nickel produced by gas atomisation for use in industrial hydrogenation catalysis applications
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Volume: 18, Issue: 2, Pages: 362 - 376
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This paper presented results from a complete lifecycle assesment of various sponge nickel catalysts, produced in two different ways, namely either by gas atomisation or by the industrial standard techniques of cast and crush. The application considered was for the industrial hydrogentation of butyra...
|Published in:||The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment|
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This paper presented results from a complete lifecycle assesment of various sponge nickel catalysts, produced in two different ways, namely either by gas atomisation or by the industrial standard techniques of cast and crush. The application considered was for the industrial hydrogentation of butyraldehyde to butanol. The paper describes the LCA methodology adopted which conformed to the ISO14040 standards, looking at various production scenarios and the impact on the emissions.The results indicated that the energy usage and emissions during the operation phase of the catalyst outweighed the primary production, manufacturing and recycling. It was shown that the increase in activity of gas atomised catalysts by doping with various metals, such as iron, molybdenum and tin, led to a significant reduction in emissions over the lifetime of the catalysts, which greatly outweighed the small increase in emissions at the primary extraction and manufacturing stages.
This paper has only recently been published in the International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (5-year impact factor 2.967, 0 citations, Journal ranked 14th in Environmental Engineering) in 2011, this work represents the summary of the life cycle assessment of nickel aluminide intermetallic powders as used in industrial catalysts alloys, work done for the IMPRESS FP6 project. The data gathering required extensive collaboration with project partners such as Johnson-Matthey and ALD Vacuum Technologies (Germany). Company contact: Sean.Axon@johnsonmatthey.com.
Butyraldehyde to butanol reaction, Cast and crush, Celanese/Rhone Poulenc process, Gas atomisation, Life cycle assessment , Sponge (Raney) nickel
College of Engineering