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Faster than Light Photons in Gravitational Fields II – Dispersion and Vacuum Polarisation / Graham Shore

Nucl. Phys. B, Volume: 633, Issue: 1-2, Pages: 271 - 294

Swansea University Author: Graham, Shore

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DOI (Published version): 10.1016/S0550-3213(02)00240-7

Abstract

Vacuum polarisation in QED in a background gravitational field induces interactions which effectively violate the strong equivalence principle and affect the propagation of light. In the low frequency limit, Drummond and Hathrell have shown that this mechanism leads to superluminal photon velocities...

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Published in: Nucl. Phys. B
Published: 2002
Online Access: http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0203034
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa17510
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Abstract: Vacuum polarisation in QED in a background gravitational field induces interactions which effectively violate the strong equivalence principle and affect the propagation of light. In the low frequency limit, Drummond and Hathrell have shown that this mechanism leads to superluminal photon velocities. To confront this phenomenon with causality, however, it is necessary to extend the calculation of the phase velocity vph(ω) to high frequencies, since it is vph(∞) which determines the characteristics of the effective wave equation and thus the causal structure. In this paper, we use a recently constructed expression, valid to all orders in a derivative expansion, for the effective action of QED in curved spacetime to determine the frequency dependence of the phase velocity and investigate whether superluminal velocities indeed persist in the high frequency limit.
College: College of Science
Issue: 1-2
Start Page: 271
End Page: 294