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Teutonic Order, State of the / Matthew Frank Stevens

The Encyclopedia of Empire

Swansea University Author: Stevens, Matthew

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DOI (Published version): 10.1002/9781118455074.wbeoe106

Abstract

The State of the Teutonic Order in the Baltic comprised the territories of Prussia and Livoniaincluding (from 1347) the former Danish Duchy of Estonia, acquired through the conquest andChristianisation of Prussia, and the annexation and purchase of Livonia and Estonia. The TeutonicOrder was a Christ...

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Published in: The Encyclopedia of Empire
Published: Wiley-Blackwell 2016
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa17985
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Abstract: The State of the Teutonic Order in the Baltic comprised the territories of Prussia and Livoniaincluding (from 1347) the former Danish Duchy of Estonia, acquired through the conquest andChristianisation of Prussia, and the annexation and purchase of Livonia and Estonia. The TeutonicOrder was a Christian order of warrior monks dedicated to St Mary, led by an elected Grandmaster,who framed governance as an element of an ongoing crusade against nonbelievers (includingOrthodox Christians). The Order’s financial and military resources were augmented by a network ofrevenue generating estates in Christian Europe and the regular arrival of new crusaders. The orderdeclined following the Christianisation of neighbouring peoples, the redirection of Europeancrusading efforts elsewhere, and the rise of Protestantism.
Keywords: Teutonic, Medieval, Middle Ages, Baltic, Prussia, Livonia
College: College of Arts and Humanities
End Page: 3