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ADP-ribosylation factor 6 regulates endothelin-1-induced lipolysis in adipocytes / Jonathon Davies; Steve Bain; Venkateswarlu Kanamarlapudi

BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY, Volume: 90, Issue: 4, Pages: 406 - 413

Swansea University Author: Kanamarlapudi, Venkat

DOI (Published version): 10.1016/j.bcp.2014.06.012

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces lipolysis in adipocytes, where ET-1 chronic exposure results in insulin resistance (IR) through suppression of glucose transporter (GLUT)4 translocation to the plasma membrane and consequently glucose uptake. ARF6 small GTPase, which plays a vital role in cell surface rec...

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Published in: BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY
Published: 2014
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa18415
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Abstract: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces lipolysis in adipocytes, where ET-1 chronic exposure results in insulin resistance (IR) through suppression of glucose transporter (GLUT)4 translocation to the plasma membrane and consequently glucose uptake. ARF6 small GTPase, which plays a vital role in cell surface receptors trafficking, has previously been shown to regulate GLUT4 recycling and thereby insulin signalling. ARF6 also plays a role in ET-1 promoted endothelial cell migration. However, ARF6 involvement in ET-1-induced lipolysis in adipocytes is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the role of ARF6 in ET-1-induced lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This was achieved by studying the effect of inhibitors for the activation of ARF6 and other signalling proteins on ET-1 induced lipolysis and ARF6 activation in the adipocytes. Our results indicate that ET-1 induces, through endothelin type A receptor (ETAR), lipolysis, the ARF6 activation and extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in adipocytes, further ET-1 stimulated lipolysis is inhibited by the inhibitors of ARF6 activation, ERK phosphorylation and dynamin, which is essential for endocytosis. Our studies also revealed that ARF6 acts upstream of ERK in ET-1-indcued lipolysis. In summary, we determined that ET-1 activation of ETAR signalled through ARF6, which is crucial for lipolysis. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
College: Swansea University Medical School
Issue: 4
Start Page: 406
End Page: 413