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Custom Essay Writers, Freelancers, and Other Paid Third Parties / Philip M. Newton; Christopher Lang

Handbook of Academic Integrity, Pages: 249 - 271

Swansea University Author: Newton, Phil

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DOI (Published version): 10.1007/978-981-287-098-8_38

Abstract

Almost any sort of higher education assignment can be now be purchased from a third party, from traditional essays all the way through to paying someone else to sit an exam. The use of custom essay writing companies, freelancers, exam stand-ins and other paid third parties represents a potentially s...

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Published in: Handbook of Academic Integrity
ISBN: 978-981-287-097-1978-981-287-098-8
Published: Springer 2016
Online Access: http://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-981-287-098-8_38
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa20206
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Abstract: Almost any sort of higher education assignment can be now be purchased from a third party, from traditional essays all the way through to paying someone else to sit an exam. The use of custom essay writing companies, freelancers, exam stand-ins and other paid third parties represents a potentially significant problem for the provision of education around the world. This chapter provides a summary of this fast-evolving issue in education, with suggested strategies to prevent, rather than detect and penalize, the use of paid third parties to complete assignments in higher education. We focus on written assignments, which are cheap and easy to access. Prewritten assignments are available instantly while bespoke, custom-written assignments can be purchased with a few hours notice. The extent of their use is difficult to ascertain, but the limited evidence available indicates that it is widespread. The detection of their use is, at best, difficult and time-consuming. Preventative strategies based upon assessment design may be more effective but most approaches have not been tested. There is a legislative basis for the use of legal approaches to prevent misuse of paid services in higher education, and a summary of existing legislation is given, alongside examples of cases where it has been used.
Keywords: Academic Integrity, Essay Mill, Plagiarism, Academic Writing, Assessment
College: College of Medicine
Start Page: 249
End Page: 271