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The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children

Melitta McNarry Orcid Logo, Danielle Lambrick, Nicole Westrupp, James Faulkner

Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Volume: 40, Issue: 10, Pages: 1012 - 1018

Swansea University Author: Melitta McNarry Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1139/apnm-2015-0051

Abstract

Background: The pulmonary oxygen uptake ( O2) response is deleteriously influenced by obesity in pre-pubertal children, as evidenced by a slower phase II response. To date, no studies have investigated the ability of an exercise intervention to ameliorate this. Objectives: To investigate the influen...

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Published in: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
ISSN: 1715-5312 1715-5320
Published: 2015
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa21959
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spelling 2019-03-29T16:27:47.8983349 v2 21959 2015-06-04 The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children 062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398 0000-0003-0813-7477 Melitta McNarry Melitta McNarry true false 2015-06-04 STSC Background: The pulmonary oxygen uptake ( O2) response is deleteriously influenced by obesity in pre-pubertal children, as evidenced by a slower phase II response. To date, no studies have investigated the ability of an exercise intervention to ameliorate this. Objectives: To investigate the influence of a six week, high-intensity games orientated intervention on the O2 kinetic response of pre-pubertal obese (OB) and normal-weight (NW) children during heavy intensity exercise. Methods: Thirteen NW and fifteen OB children participated in a twice-weekly exercise intervention involving repeated bouts of 6-minutes of high-intensity, games-orientated exercises followed by 2 minutes of recovery. Sixteen NW and 11 OB children served as a control group. At baseline and post-intervention, each participant completed a graded-exercise test to volitional exhaustion and constant work rate heavy intensity exercise.Results: Post intervention, OB children demonstrated a reduced phase II τ (Pre: 30±8 cf. Post: 24±7 s), MRT (Pre: 50±10 cf. Post: 38±9 s) and phase II amplitude (Pre: 1.51±0.30 cf. Post: 1.34±0.27 l∙min-1). No changes were evident in the NW children. Conclusions: The present findings demonstrate that a six-week, high-intensity intervention can have a significant positive impact on the dynamic O2 response of obese pre-pubertal children. Journal Article Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 40 10 1012 1018 1715-5312 1715-5320 High intensity; games; O2 kinetics; exercise intensity; training; BMI 31 10 2015 2015-10-31 10.1139/apnm-2015-0051 2017 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2019-03-29T16:27:47.8983349 2015-06-04T13:07:18.6889568 Faculty of Science and Engineering School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Sport and Exercise Sciences Melitta McNarry 0000-0003-0813-7477 1 Danielle Lambrick 2 Nicole Westrupp 3 James Faulkner 4 0021959-14032016171305.pdf Paediatric_Intervention_Paper.pdf 2016-03-14T17:13:05.9800000 Output 502210 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2016-03-14T00:00:00.0000000 true
title The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children
spellingShingle The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children
Melitta McNarry
title_short The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children
title_full The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children
title_fullStr The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children
title_full_unstemmed The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children
title_sort The influence of a six-week, high-intensity games intervention on the pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in prepubertal obese and normal-weight children
author_id_str_mv 062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398
author_id_fullname_str_mv 062f5697ff59f004bc8c713955988398_***_Melitta McNarry
author Melitta McNarry
author2 Melitta McNarry
Danielle Lambrick
Nicole Westrupp
James Faulkner
format Journal article
container_title Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism
container_volume 40
container_issue 10
container_start_page 1012
publishDate 2015
institution Swansea University
issn 1715-5312
1715-5320
doi_str_mv 10.1139/apnm-2015-0051
college_str Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_top_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_parent_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
department_str School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Sport and Exercise Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Faculty of Science and Engineering{{{_:::_}}}School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Sport and Exercise Sciences
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Background: The pulmonary oxygen uptake ( O2) response is deleteriously influenced by obesity in pre-pubertal children, as evidenced by a slower phase II response. To date, no studies have investigated the ability of an exercise intervention to ameliorate this. Objectives: To investigate the influence of a six week, high-intensity games orientated intervention on the O2 kinetic response of pre-pubertal obese (OB) and normal-weight (NW) children during heavy intensity exercise. Methods: Thirteen NW and fifteen OB children participated in a twice-weekly exercise intervention involving repeated bouts of 6-minutes of high-intensity, games-orientated exercises followed by 2 minutes of recovery. Sixteen NW and 11 OB children served as a control group. At baseline and post-intervention, each participant completed a graded-exercise test to volitional exhaustion and constant work rate heavy intensity exercise.Results: Post intervention, OB children demonstrated a reduced phase II τ (Pre: 30±8 cf. Post: 24±7 s), MRT (Pre: 50±10 cf. Post: 38±9 s) and phase II amplitude (Pre: 1.51±0.30 cf. Post: 1.34±0.27 l∙min-1). No changes were evident in the NW children. Conclusions: The present findings demonstrate that a six-week, high-intensity intervention can have a significant positive impact on the dynamic O2 response of obese pre-pubertal children.
published_date 2015-10-31T03:26:06Z
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