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Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review

Tegwen Malik Orcid Logo, F T Malik, Marc Clement, David Gethin Orcid Logo, W Krawszik, A R Parker

Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, Volume: 9, Issue: 3, Start page: 031002

Swansea University Authors: Tegwen Malik Orcid Logo, Marc Clement, David Gethin Orcid Logo

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Abstract

Nature has adapted different methods for surviving dry, arid, xeric conditions. It is the focus of this comparative review to pull together the relevant information gleaned from the literature that could be utilized to design moisture harvesting devices informed by biomimetics. Most water harvesting...

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Published in: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
ISSN: 1748-3182 1748-3190
Published: IOP Publishing 2014
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa22357
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spelling 2019-09-27T15:04:58.3324230 v2 22357 2015-07-16 Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review d7e74f3c3979dff2baba1a16fe50e24a 0000-0003-4315-5726 Tegwen Malik Tegwen Malik true false 00d270d085497f5ec1a366f25a730302 Marc Clement Marc Clement true false 20b93675a5457203ae87ebc32bd6d155 0000-0002-7142-8253 David Gethin David Gethin true false 2015-07-16 BBU Nature has adapted different methods for surviving dry, arid, xeric conditions. It is the focus of this comparative review to pull together the relevant information gleaned from the literature that could be utilized to design moisture harvesting devices informed by biomimetics. Most water harvesting devices in current use are not informed by nature and those that do are usually based on a biomimetic principle that has been based on one species only. This review draws on the published literature to establish a list of species (animals (vertebrates/invertebrates) and plants) whose habitat is in mainly dry or arid regions and that are known to harvest airborne moisture. Key findings have been outlined and review comments and discussion set out. Following this, surface feature convergences have been identified, namely hexagonal microstructures, groove-like and cone-like geometries. This has been coupled with direction of water flow that is driven by surface energy. As far as the authors are aware, this convergent evolution has not been brought together in this manner before. In the future this information could be translated into an engineered device for collecting water from airborne sources. Journal Article Bioinspiration & Biomimetics 9 3 031002 IOP Publishing 1748-3182 1748-3190 20 3 2014 2014-03-20 10.1088/1748-3182/9/3/031002 http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-3182/9/3/031002 COLLEGE NANME Business COLLEGE CODE BBU Swansea University 2019-09-27T15:04:58.3324230 2015-07-16T12:55:17.6580091 Tegwen Malik 0000-0003-4315-5726 1 F T Malik 2 Marc Clement 3 David Gethin 0000-0002-7142-8253 4 W Krawszik 5 A R Parker 6
title Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review
spellingShingle Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review
Tegwen Malik
Marc Clement
David Gethin
title_short Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review
title_full Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review
title_fullStr Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review
title_full_unstemmed Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review
title_sort Nature's moisture harvesters: a comparative review
author_id_str_mv d7e74f3c3979dff2baba1a16fe50e24a
00d270d085497f5ec1a366f25a730302
20b93675a5457203ae87ebc32bd6d155
author_id_fullname_str_mv d7e74f3c3979dff2baba1a16fe50e24a_***_Tegwen Malik
00d270d085497f5ec1a366f25a730302_***_Marc Clement
20b93675a5457203ae87ebc32bd6d155_***_David Gethin
author Tegwen Malik
Marc Clement
David Gethin
author2 Tegwen Malik
F T Malik
Marc Clement
David Gethin
W Krawszik
A R Parker
format Journal article
container_title Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
container_volume 9
container_issue 3
container_start_page 031002
publishDate 2014
institution Swansea University
issn 1748-3182
1748-3190
doi_str_mv 10.1088/1748-3182/9/3/031002
publisher IOP Publishing
url http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-3182/9/3/031002
document_store_str 0
active_str 0
description Nature has adapted different methods for surviving dry, arid, xeric conditions. It is the focus of this comparative review to pull together the relevant information gleaned from the literature that could be utilized to design moisture harvesting devices informed by biomimetics. Most water harvesting devices in current use are not informed by nature and those that do are usually based on a biomimetic principle that has been based on one species only. This review draws on the published literature to establish a list of species (animals (vertebrates/invertebrates) and plants) whose habitat is in mainly dry or arid regions and that are known to harvest airborne moisture. Key findings have been outlined and review comments and discussion set out. Following this, surface feature convergences have been identified, namely hexagonal microstructures, groove-like and cone-like geometries. This has been coupled with direction of water flow that is driven by surface energy. As far as the authors are aware, this convergent evolution has not been brought together in this manner before. In the future this information could be translated into an engineered device for collecting water from airborne sources.
published_date 2014-03-20T03:24:07Z
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