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Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats / Jonathan S. Lefcheck, Jarrett E. K. Byrnes, Forest Isbell, Lars Gamfeldt, John Griffin, Nico Eisenhauer, Marc J. S. Hensel, Andy Hector, Bradley J. Cardinale, J. Emmett Duffy

Nature Communications, Volume: 6, Issue: 1, Start page: 6936

Swansea University Author: John Griffin

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DOI (Published version): 10.1038/ncomms7936

Abstract

The importance of biodiversity for the integrated functioning of ecosystems remains unclear because most evidence comes from analyses of biodiversity’s effect on individual functions. Here we show that the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem function become more important as more functions are cons...

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Published in: Nature Communications
ISSN: 2041-1723
Published: Springer Science and Business Media LLC 2015
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa23630
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first_indexed 2015-10-09T02:08:14Z
last_indexed 2020-11-13T03:33:55Z
id cronfa23630
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spelling 2020-11-12T13:54:50.3504454 v2 23630 2015-10-08 Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats 9814fbffa76dd9c9a207166354cd0b2f 0000-0003-3295-6480 John Griffin John Griffin true false 2015-10-08 SBI The importance of biodiversity for the integrated functioning of ecosystems remains unclear because most evidence comes from analyses of biodiversity’s effect on individual functions. Here we show that the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem function become more important as more functions are considered. We present the first systematic investigation of biodiversity’s effect on ecosystem multifunctionality across multiple taxa, trophic levels and habitats using a comprehensive database of 94 manipulations of species richness. We show that species-rich communities maintained multiple functions at higher levels than depauperate ones. These effects were stronger for herbivore biodiversity than for plant biodiversity, and were remarkably consistent across aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Despite observed tradeoffs, the overall effect of biodiversity on multifunctionality grew stronger as more functions were considered. These results indicate that prior research has underestimated the importance of biodiversity for ecosystem functioning by focusing on individual functions and taxonomic groups. Journal Article Nature Communications 6 1 6936 Springer Science and Business Media LLC 2041-1723 1 11 2015 2015-11-01 10.1038/ncomms7936 COLLEGE NANME Biosciences COLLEGE CODE SBI Swansea University 2020-11-12T13:54:50.3504454 2015-10-08T19:27:32.4242935 College of Science Biosciences Jonathan S. Lefcheck 1 Jarrett E. K. Byrnes 2 Forest Isbell 3 Lars Gamfeldt 4 John Griffin 0000-0003-3295-6480 5 Nico Eisenhauer 6 Marc J. S. Hensel 7 Andy Hector 8 Bradley J. Cardinale 9 J. Emmett Duffy 10
title Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
spellingShingle Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
John, Griffin
title_short Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
title_full Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
title_fullStr Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
title_full_unstemmed Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
title_sort Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
author_id_str_mv 9814fbffa76dd9c9a207166354cd0b2f
author_id_fullname_str_mv 9814fbffa76dd9c9a207166354cd0b2f_***_John, Griffin
author John, Griffin
author2 Jonathan S. Lefcheck
Jarrett E. K. Byrnes
Forest Isbell
Lars Gamfeldt
John Griffin
Nico Eisenhauer
Marc J. S. Hensel
Andy Hector
Bradley J. Cardinale
J. Emmett Duffy
format Journal article
container_title Nature Communications
container_volume 6
container_issue 1
container_start_page 6936
publishDate 2015
institution Swansea University
issn 2041-1723
doi_str_mv 10.1038/ncomms7936
publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
college_str College of Science
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_top_title College of Science
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_parent_title College of Science
department_str Biosciences{{{_:::_}}}College of Science{{{_:::_}}}Biosciences
document_store_str 0
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description The importance of biodiversity for the integrated functioning of ecosystems remains unclear because most evidence comes from analyses of biodiversity’s effect on individual functions. Here we show that the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem function become more important as more functions are considered. We present the first systematic investigation of biodiversity’s effect on ecosystem multifunctionality across multiple taxa, trophic levels and habitats using a comprehensive database of 94 manipulations of species richness. We show that species-rich communities maintained multiple functions at higher levels than depauperate ones. These effects were stronger for herbivore biodiversity than for plant biodiversity, and were remarkably consistent across aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Despite observed tradeoffs, the overall effect of biodiversity on multifunctionality grew stronger as more functions were considered. These results indicate that prior research has underestimated the importance of biodiversity for ecosystem functioning by focusing on individual functions and taxonomic groups.
published_date 2015-11-01T03:38:03Z
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score 10.83124