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Multiscale formulation for material failure accounting for cohesive cracks at the macro and micro scales
International Journal of Plasticity, Volume: 76, Pages: 75 - 110
Swansea University Author: Eduardo de Souza Neto De Souza Neto
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This contribution presents a two-scale formulation devised to simulate failure in materials with het- erogeneous micro-structure. The mechanical model accounts for the activation of cohesive cracks in the micro-scale domain. The evolution/propagation of cohesive micro-cracks can induce material inst...
|Published in:||International Journal of Plasticity|
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This contribution presents a two-scale formulation devised to simulate failure in materials with het- erogeneous micro-structure. The mechanical model accounts for the activation of cohesive cracks in the micro-scale domain. The evolution/propagation of cohesive micro-cracks can induce material instability at the macro-scale level. Then, a cohesive crack is activated in the macro-scale model which considers, in a homogenized sense, the constitutive response of the intricate failure mode taking place in the smaller length scale.The two-scale model is based on the concept of Representative Volume Element (RVE). It is designed following an axiomatic variational structure. Two hypotheses are introduced in order to build the foundations of the entire two-scale theory, namely: (i) a mechanism for transferring kinematical information from macro- to-micro scale along with the concept of “Kinematical Admissibility”, relating both primal descriptions, and (ii) a Multiscale Variational Principle of internal virtual power equivalence between the involved scales of analysis. The homogenization formulae for the generalized stresses, as well as the equilibrium equations at the micro-scale, are consequences of the variational statement of the problem.The present multiscale technique is a generalization of a previous model proposed by the authors and could be viewed as an application of a general framework recently proposed by the authors. The main novelty in this article lies on the fact that failure modes in the micro-structure now involve a set of multiple cohesive cracks, connected or disconnected, with arbitrary orientation, conforming a complex tortuous failure path. Tortuosity is a topic of decisive importance in the modelling of material degradation due to crack propagation. Following the present multiscale modelling approach, the tortuosity effect is introduced in order to satisfy the “Kinematical Admissibility” concept, when the macro-scale kinematics is transferred into the micro-scale domain. There- fore, it has a direct consequence in the homogenized mechanical response, in the sense that the proposed scale transition method (including the tortuosity effect) retrieves the correct post-critical response.Coupled (macro-micro) numerical examples are presented showing the potentialities of the model to sim- ulate complex and realistic fracture problems in heterogeneous materials. In order to validate the multiscale technique in a rigorous manner, comparisons with the so-called DNS (Direct Numerical Solution) approach are also presented.
semi-concurrent multiscale model, material failure, computational homogenization technique, crack path tortuosity
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