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A new framework for large strain electromechanics based on convex multi-variable strain energies: Finite Element discretisation and computational implementation
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Volume: 302, Pages: 329 - 360
Swansea University Author: Antonio Gil
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In Gil and Ortigosa (2016), Gil and Ortigosa introduced a new convex multi-variable framework for the numerical simulation of Electro Active Polymers (EAPs) in the presence of extreme deformations and electric fields. This extends the concept of polyconvexity to strain energies which depend on non-s...
|Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
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In Gil and Ortigosa (2016), Gil and Ortigosa introduced a new convex multi-variable framework for the numerical simulation of Electro Active Polymers (EAPs) in the presence of extreme deformations and electric fields. This extends the concept of polyconvexity to strain energies which depend on non-strain based variables. The consideration of the new concept of multi-variable convexity guarantees the well posedness of generalised Gibbs’ energy density functionals and, hence, opens up the possibility of a new family of mixed variational principles. The aim of this paper is to present, as an example, the Finite Element implementation of two of these mixed variational principles. These types of enhanced methodologies are known to be necessary in scenarios in which the simpler displacement-potential based formulation yields non-physical results, such as volumetric locking, bending and shear locking, pressure oscillations and electro-mechanical locking, to name but a few. Crucially, the use of interpolation spaces in which some of the unknown fields are described as piecewise discontinuous across elements can be used in order to efficiently condense these fields out. This results in mixed formulations with a computational cost comparable to that of the displacement-potential based approach, yet far more accurate. Finally, a series of very challenging numerical examples are presented in order to demonstrate the accuracy, robustness and efficiency of the proposed methodology.
Faculty of Science and Engineering