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Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800

S. Halikowski Smith, Stefan Halikowski-Smith Orcid Logo

International Journal of Maritime History, Volume: 28, Issue: 2, Pages: 237 - 267

Swansea University Author: Stefan Halikowski-Smith Orcid Logo

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Abstract

The substantial Portuguese populations across the Bay of Bengal, seeking protection inthe fortified settlements of the English East India Company, were more compliant thanthose populations in western India, for whom the English often remained an enemy. Onthe east coast of India there were not twenty...

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Published in: International Journal of Maritime History
ISSN: 0843-8714 2052-7756
Published: 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa26747
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first_indexed 2016-03-14T16:32:29Z
last_indexed 2020-06-25T18:36:34Z
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spelling 2020-06-25T17:03:06.2392464 v2 26747 2016-03-14 Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800 85eaacdfa1d8f88538569ae7e7f68935 0000-0003-3104-7322 Stefan Halikowski-Smith Stefan Halikowski-Smith true false 2016-03-14 AHIS The substantial Portuguese populations across the Bay of Bengal, seeking protection inthe fortified settlements of the English East India Company, were more compliant thanthose populations in western India, for whom the English often remained an enemy. Onthe east coast of India there were not twenty-four, but only one Portuguese fortress.Thus the Portuguese formed groups of subaltern collaborators, contributing to the wellbeingof English settlements in different ways including: through the provision of civildefence, freight services and active capital investment; as intermediaries in the diamondtrade, as tavern-owners, registrars, doctors and even aldermen, but also as concubinesand domestic slaves. Many Portuguese converted to Protestantism, supported bycontemporary Portuguese translations of the Book of Common Prayer, while others soughtother assimilationist strategies, including sending children to Britain for schooling. Whilescholars have attached due importance to renegadism and to service to various Indianrulers, these defections to rival Protestant powers have gone unnoticed. Journal Article International Journal of Maritime History 28 2 237 267 0843-8714 2052-7756 Bay of Bengal 1620–1800, colonial population, India Portuguese Empire, subalternity and collaboration 1 5 2016 2016-05-01 10.1177/0843871415624096 COLLEGE NANME History COLLEGE CODE AHIS Swansea University 2020-06-25T17:03:06.2392464 2016-03-14T11:17:51.3945540 S. Halikowski Smith 1 Stefan Halikowski-Smith 0000-0003-3104-7322 2
title Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800
spellingShingle Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800
Stefan Halikowski-Smith
title_short Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800
title_full Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800
title_fullStr Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800
title_full_unstemmed Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800
title_sort Languages of subalternity and collaboration: Portuguese in English settlements across the Bay of Bengal, 1620-1800
author_id_str_mv 85eaacdfa1d8f88538569ae7e7f68935
author_id_fullname_str_mv 85eaacdfa1d8f88538569ae7e7f68935_***_Stefan Halikowski-Smith
author Stefan Halikowski-Smith
author2 S. Halikowski Smith
Stefan Halikowski-Smith
format Journal article
container_title International Journal of Maritime History
container_volume 28
container_issue 2
container_start_page 237
publishDate 2016
institution Swansea University
issn 0843-8714
2052-7756
doi_str_mv 10.1177/0843871415624096
document_store_str 0
active_str 0
description The substantial Portuguese populations across the Bay of Bengal, seeking protection inthe fortified settlements of the English East India Company, were more compliant thanthose populations in western India, for whom the English often remained an enemy. Onthe east coast of India there were not twenty-four, but only one Portuguese fortress.Thus the Portuguese formed groups of subaltern collaborators, contributing to the wellbeingof English settlements in different ways including: through the provision of civildefence, freight services and active capital investment; as intermediaries in the diamondtrade, as tavern-owners, registrars, doctors and even aldermen, but also as concubinesand domestic slaves. Many Portuguese converted to Protestantism, supported bycontemporary Portuguese translations of the Book of Common Prayer, while others soughtother assimilationist strategies, including sending children to Britain for schooling. Whilescholars have attached due importance to renegadism and to service to various Indianrulers, these defections to rival Protestant powers have gone unnoticed.
published_date 2016-05-01T03:29:08Z
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