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The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period

Michael Johnston, Julia Johnston, Christian J. Cook, Lisa Costley, Mark Kilgallon, Liam Kilduff Orcid Logo

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Volume: 20, Issue: 5, Pages: 502 - 506

Swansea University Author: Liam Kilduff Orcid Logo

Abstract

ObjectivesAthletes are often required to undertake multiple training sessions on the same day with these sessions needing to be sequenced correctly to allow the athlete to maximize the responses of each session. We examined the acute effect of strength and speed training sequence on neuromuscular, e...

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Published in: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
ISSN: 1440-2440
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa26951
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fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2019-03-18T12:15:12.0913418</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>26951</id><entry>2016-03-25</entry><title>The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98</sid><ORCID>0000-0001-9449-2293</ORCID><firstname>Liam</firstname><surname>Kilduff</surname><name>Liam Kilduff</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2016-03-25</date><deptcode>STSC</deptcode><abstract>ObjectivesAthletes are often required to undertake multiple training sessions on the same day with these sessions needing to be sequenced correctly to allow the athlete to maximize the responses of each session. We examined the acute effect of strength and speed training sequence on neuromuscular, endocrine, and physiological responses over 24 h.Design15 academy rugby union players completed this randomized crossover study.MethodsPlayers performed a weight training session followed 2 h later by a speed training session (weights speed) and on a separate day reversed the order (speed weights). Countermovement jumps, perceived muscle soreness, and blood samples were collected immediately prior, immediately post, and 24 h post-sessions one and two respectively. Jumps were analyzed for power, jump height, rate of force development, and velocity. Blood was analyzed for testosterone, cortisol, lactate and creatine kinase.ResultsThere were no differences between countermovement jump variables at any of the post-training time points (p &amp;#62; 0.05). Likewise, creatine kinase, testosterone, cortisol, and muscle soreness were unaffected by session order (p &amp;#62; 0.05). However, 10 m sprint time was significantly faster (mean &#xB1; standard deviation; speed weights 1.80 &#xB1; 0.11 s versus weights speed 1.76 &#xB1; 0.08 s; p &amp;#62; 0.05) when speed was sequenced second. Lactate levels were significantly higher immediately post-speed sessions versus weight training sessions at both time points (p &amp;#60; 0.05).ConclusionsThe sequencing of strength and speed training does not affect the neuromuscular, endocrine, and physiological recovery over 24 h. However, speed may be enhanced when performed as the second session.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport</journal><volume>20</volume><journalNumber>5</journalNumber><paginationStart>502</paginationStart><paginationEnd>506</paginationEnd><publisher/><issnPrint>1440-2440</issnPrint><keywords>Testosterone; Cortisol; Creatine kinase; Neuromuscular fatigue; Speed; Strength</keywords><publishedDay>31</publishedDay><publishedMonth>5</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2017</publishedYear><publishedDate>2017-05-31</publishedDate><doi>10.1016/j.jsams.2016.03.007</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Sport and Exercise Sciences</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>STSC</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><lastEdited>2019-03-18T12:15:12.0913418</lastEdited><Created>2016-03-25T20:51:21.0009608</Created><path><level id="1">Faculty of Science and Engineering</level><level id="2">School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Sport and Exercise Sciences</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Michael</firstname><surname>Johnston</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Julia</firstname><surname>Johnston</surname><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Christian J.</firstname><surname>Cook</surname><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Lisa</firstname><surname>Costley</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>Mark</firstname><surname>Kilgallon</surname><order>5</order></author><author><firstname>Liam</firstname><surname>Kilduff</surname><orcid>0000-0001-9449-2293</orcid><order>6</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>0026951-25032016205144.pdf</filename><originalFilename>1-s2.0-S1440244016300032-main.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2016-03-25T20:51:44.6830000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>208000</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Accepted Manuscript</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><embargoDate>2017-03-24T00:00:00.0000000</embargoDate><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2019-03-18T12:15:12.0913418 v2 26951 2016-03-25 The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98 0000-0001-9449-2293 Liam Kilduff Liam Kilduff true false 2016-03-25 STSC ObjectivesAthletes are often required to undertake multiple training sessions on the same day with these sessions needing to be sequenced correctly to allow the athlete to maximize the responses of each session. We examined the acute effect of strength and speed training sequence on neuromuscular, endocrine, and physiological responses over 24 h.Design15 academy rugby union players completed this randomized crossover study.MethodsPlayers performed a weight training session followed 2 h later by a speed training session (weights speed) and on a separate day reversed the order (speed weights). Countermovement jumps, perceived muscle soreness, and blood samples were collected immediately prior, immediately post, and 24 h post-sessions one and two respectively. Jumps were analyzed for power, jump height, rate of force development, and velocity. Blood was analyzed for testosterone, cortisol, lactate and creatine kinase.ResultsThere were no differences between countermovement jump variables at any of the post-training time points (p &#62; 0.05). Likewise, creatine kinase, testosterone, cortisol, and muscle soreness were unaffected by session order (p &#62; 0.05). However, 10 m sprint time was significantly faster (mean ± standard deviation; speed weights 1.80 ± 0.11 s versus weights speed 1.76 ± 0.08 s; p &#62; 0.05) when speed was sequenced second. Lactate levels were significantly higher immediately post-speed sessions versus weight training sessions at both time points (p &#60; 0.05).ConclusionsThe sequencing of strength and speed training does not affect the neuromuscular, endocrine, and physiological recovery over 24 h. However, speed may be enhanced when performed as the second session. Journal Article Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20 5 502 506 1440-2440 Testosterone; Cortisol; Creatine kinase; Neuromuscular fatigue; Speed; Strength 31 5 2017 2017-05-31 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.03.007 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2019-03-18T12:15:12.0913418 2016-03-25T20:51:21.0009608 Faculty of Science and Engineering School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Sport and Exercise Sciences Michael Johnston 1 Julia Johnston 2 Christian J. Cook 3 Lisa Costley 4 Mark Kilgallon 5 Liam Kilduff 0000-0001-9449-2293 6 0026951-25032016205144.pdf 1-s2.0-S1440244016300032-main.pdf 2016-03-25T20:51:44.6830000 Output 208000 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2017-03-24T00:00:00.0000000 true
title The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period
spellingShingle The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period
Liam Kilduff
title_short The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period
title_full The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period
title_fullStr The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period
title_full_unstemmed The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period
title_sort The effect of session order on the physiological, neuromuscular, and endocrine responses to maximal speed and weight training sessions over a 24-h period
author_id_str_mv 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98
author_id_fullname_str_mv 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98_***_Liam Kilduff
author Liam Kilduff
author2 Michael Johnston
Julia Johnston
Christian J. Cook
Lisa Costley
Mark Kilgallon
Liam Kilduff
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
container_volume 20
container_issue 5
container_start_page 502
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 1440-2440
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.jsams.2016.03.007
college_str Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_top_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id facultyofscienceandengineering
hierarchy_parent_title Faculty of Science and Engineering
department_str School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Sport and Exercise Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Faculty of Science and Engineering{{{_:::_}}}School of Aerospace, Civil, Electrical, General and Mechanical Engineering - Sport and Exercise Sciences
document_store_str 1
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description ObjectivesAthletes are often required to undertake multiple training sessions on the same day with these sessions needing to be sequenced correctly to allow the athlete to maximize the responses of each session. We examined the acute effect of strength and speed training sequence on neuromuscular, endocrine, and physiological responses over 24 h.Design15 academy rugby union players completed this randomized crossover study.MethodsPlayers performed a weight training session followed 2 h later by a speed training session (weights speed) and on a separate day reversed the order (speed weights). Countermovement jumps, perceived muscle soreness, and blood samples were collected immediately prior, immediately post, and 24 h post-sessions one and two respectively. Jumps were analyzed for power, jump height, rate of force development, and velocity. Blood was analyzed for testosterone, cortisol, lactate and creatine kinase.ResultsThere were no differences between countermovement jump variables at any of the post-training time points (p &#62; 0.05). Likewise, creatine kinase, testosterone, cortisol, and muscle soreness were unaffected by session order (p &#62; 0.05). However, 10 m sprint time was significantly faster (mean ± standard deviation; speed weights 1.80 ± 0.11 s versus weights speed 1.76 ± 0.08 s; p &#62; 0.05) when speed was sequenced second. Lactate levels were significantly higher immediately post-speed sessions versus weight training sessions at both time points (p &#60; 0.05).ConclusionsThe sequencing of strength and speed training does not affect the neuromuscular, endocrine, and physiological recovery over 24 h. However, speed may be enhanced when performed as the second session.
published_date 2017-05-31T03:32:59Z
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