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One health in history / Michael, Bresalier

One Health: The Theory and Practice of Integrated Health Approaches, Pages: 1 - 15

Swansea University Author: Michael, Bresalier

DOI (Published version): 10.1079/9781780643410.0000

Abstract

This chapter historicizes "One Health" as a concept and approach. It explores the changing constellation of ideas, practices and conditions that brought human and animal health into alignment in different historical contexts, the people and institutions involved and the factors of change o...

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Published in: One Health: The Theory and Practice of Integrated Health Approaches
Published: Oxford Cabi International 2015
Online Access: http://www.cabi.org/Uploads/CABI/OpenResources/43410/Chap1%209781780643410.pdf
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa27778
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Abstract: This chapter historicizes "One Health" as a concept and approach. It explores the changing constellation of ideas, practices and conditions that brought human and animal health into alignment in different historical contexts, the people and institutions involved and the factors of change over time. The first section shows how deeply animals and animal health were embedded within human medicine in the pre-modern period. The second section extends from the late 18th-century foundation of the veterinary profession to the turn of the 20th century. It tracks the evolving relationship between the veterinary and medical professions, and how, as scientific knowledge and practices changed, new conceptual links were forged between humans, animals and the environment. The third section extends this analysis into the 20th century, focusing particularly on the changing status of animals within medical research, and on international efforts to develop comparative medicine and veterinary public health. The conclusion challenges the idea that the historical record can provide straightforward lessons or guides for "One Health" today.
Keywords: History of medicine; veterinary history; international health; animal studies; medical humanities
College: College of Arts and Humanities
Start Page: 1
End Page: 15