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Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires / Stefan Halikowski Smith, Stefan Halikowski-Smith

Mediterranean Historical Review, Volume: 32, Issue: 2, Pages: 189 - 235

Swansea University Author: Stefan Halikowski-Smith

Abstract

This contribution seeks to both present Gasparo Contarini’s diplomatic report (Relazione), made following three years in Venetian service in Spain between 1522-25 to unfamiliar readers, and elucidate its contents. It was a time when ground-breaking reports of the first global circumnavigation by Mag...

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Published in: Mediterranean Historical Review
ISSN: 0951-8967 1743-940X
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa28730
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spelling 2018-12-11T09:40:10.5779138 v2 28730 2016-06-08 Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires 85eaacdfa1d8f88538569ae7e7f68935 0000-0003-3104-7322 Stefan Halikowski-Smith Stefan Halikowski-Smith true false 2016-06-08 AHIS This contribution seeks to both present Gasparo Contarini’s diplomatic report (Relazione), made following three years in Venetian service in Spain between 1522-25 to unfamiliar readers, and elucidate its contents. It was a time when ground-breaking reports of the first global circumnavigation by Magellan/Elcano and conquests in the New World undertaken by Hernan Cortes were filtering back to the Spanish ruler, Charles V. Projects for the colonization of Brazil in neighbouring Portugal were afoot, as were attempts by other parties to reach the contested Spiceries by new routes. International juries were being constituted to decide upon the division of the world’s spaces, culminating in the Treaty of Saragossa, and controversial maps were being composed both to make sense of potentially new continents like the Americas, and to plead different cases at the upcoming tribunals. It is asked why such a polarized picture of successful Spanish and unsuccessful Portuguese imperial fortunes is provided by Contarini, at a time of great rivalry between Spain and Portugal, and it is suggested that Contarini – who did not personally travel to Portugal - may be simply following a rhetorical precedent fashioned by previous diplomats like Ca’Masser, Vincenzo Quirini and Pietro Pasqualigo. Historical, personal and documentary context (Contarini’s 400 dispacci, for example) is provided, and comparisons to other contemporary observers like the Polish diplomat Jan Dantyszek and his letters and reports from the Spanish court, as well as contemporary travelers and businessmen on the Asian scene, drawn. Journal Article Mediterranean Historical Review 32 2 189 235 0951-8967 1743-940X 31 12 2017 2017-12-31 10.1080/09518967.2017.1396764 COLLEGE NANME History COLLEGE CODE AHIS Swansea University 2018-12-11T09:40:10.5779138 2016-06-08T12:40:20.0600684 College of Arts and Humanities History Stefan Halikowski Smith 1 Stefan Halikowski-Smith 0000-0003-3104-7322 2 0028730-16032018133716.pdf Gasparo.pdf 2018-03-16T13:37:16.1530000 Output 1018159 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2019-07-05T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires
spellingShingle Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires
Stefan, Halikowski-Smith
title_short Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires
title_full Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires
title_fullStr Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires
title_full_unstemmed Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires
title_sort Gasparo Contarini’s Relazione of November 1525 to the Venetian Senate on the divergent dynamics of the Spanish and Portuguese world empires
author_id_str_mv 85eaacdfa1d8f88538569ae7e7f68935
author_id_fullname_str_mv 85eaacdfa1d8f88538569ae7e7f68935_***_Stefan, Halikowski-Smith
author Stefan, Halikowski-Smith
author2 Stefan Halikowski Smith
Stefan Halikowski-Smith
format Journal article
container_title Mediterranean Historical Review
container_volume 32
container_issue 2
container_start_page 189
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
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1743-940X
doi_str_mv 10.1080/09518967.2017.1396764
college_str College of Arts and Humanities
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hierarchy_top_title College of Arts and Humanities
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofartsandhumanities
hierarchy_parent_title College of Arts and Humanities
department_str History{{{_:::_}}}College of Arts and Humanities{{{_:::_}}}History
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description This contribution seeks to both present Gasparo Contarini’s diplomatic report (Relazione), made following three years in Venetian service in Spain between 1522-25 to unfamiliar readers, and elucidate its contents. It was a time when ground-breaking reports of the first global circumnavigation by Magellan/Elcano and conquests in the New World undertaken by Hernan Cortes were filtering back to the Spanish ruler, Charles V. Projects for the colonization of Brazil in neighbouring Portugal were afoot, as were attempts by other parties to reach the contested Spiceries by new routes. International juries were being constituted to decide upon the division of the world’s spaces, culminating in the Treaty of Saragossa, and controversial maps were being composed both to make sense of potentially new continents like the Americas, and to plead different cases at the upcoming tribunals. It is asked why such a polarized picture of successful Spanish and unsuccessful Portuguese imperial fortunes is provided by Contarini, at a time of great rivalry between Spain and Portugal, and it is suggested that Contarini – who did not personally travel to Portugal - may be simply following a rhetorical precedent fashioned by previous diplomats like Ca’Masser, Vincenzo Quirini and Pietro Pasqualigo. Historical, personal and documentary context (Contarini’s 400 dispacci, for example) is provided, and comparisons to other contemporary observers like the Polish diplomat Jan Dantyszek and his letters and reports from the Spanish court, as well as contemporary travelers and businessmen on the Asian scene, drawn.
published_date 2017-12-31T03:41:43Z
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