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Characterisation of Mass Transfer in Frontal Nanofiltration Equipment and Development of a Simple Correlation / Paul, Williams; Darren, Oatley-Radcliffe

Journal of Membrane and Separation Technology, Volume: 4, Issue: 4, Start page: 149

Swansesa University Authors: Paul, Williams, Darren, Oatley-Radcliffe

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Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of mass transfer in three commercially available frontal nanofiltration systems (Amicon, Sterlitech and Membranology) using the rejection of uncharged poly ethylene glycol (molecular weight 3400) at different pressures and stirrer speeds using a 40...

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Published in: Journal of Membrane and Separation Technology
ISSN: 1929-6037
Published: 2015
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa28881
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Abstract: The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of mass transfer in three commercially available frontal nanofiltration systems (Amicon, Sterlitech and Membranology) using the rejection of uncharged poly ethylene glycol (molecular weight 3400) at different pressures and stirrer speeds using a 4000 MWCO membrane. The real rejection was calculated from the observed rejection using the infinite rejection method and a comparison was made between experimentally obtained mass transfer coefficients and those obtained from commonly used ultrafiltration theory. A new mass transfer correlation was proposed that is more appropriate to account for the increased mass transfer effects observed with the larger pressures of nanofiltration. This new correlation is defined as NSh = φ(NRe)n (NSc)0.33 [1+[JV/ωr]X] is only a minor modification to existing theory and has an accuracy suitable for engineering design purposes.
Item Description: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction inany medium, provided the work is properly cited.
Keywords: Mass transfer, Concentration polarisation, Equipment characterisation, Frontal filtration, Nanofiltration
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 4
Start Page: 149