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Enhanced purification of carbon nanotubes by microwave and chlorine cleaning procedures / Virginia Gomez, Silvia Irusta, Olawale B. Lawal, Wade Adams, Robert H. Hauge, Charlie Dunnill, Andrew Barron

RSC Advances, Volume: 6, Issue: 14, Pages: 11895 - 11902

Swansea University Authors: Virginia Gomez, Charlie Dunnill, Andrew Barron

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DOI (Published version): 10.1039/C5RA24854J

Abstract

We report a new two-step purification method of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) involving a microwave treatment followed by a gas-phase chlorination process. The significant advantage of this method over conventional cleaning carbon nanotubes procedures is that under microwave treatment in air, the carbon s...

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Published in: RSC Advances
ISSN: 2046-2069 2046-2069
Published: 2016
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa28912
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Abstract: We report a new two-step purification method of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) involving a microwave treatment followed by a gas-phase chlorination process. The significant advantage of this method over conventional cleaning carbon nanotubes procedures is that under microwave treatment in air, the carbon shells that encase the residual metal catalyst particles are removed and the metallic iron is exposed and subsequently oxidized making it available for chemical removal. The products from microwave and chlorine treatment have been characterized. The oxidation state of the iron is observed to change from Fe(0) to Fe(II)/Fe(III) after microwave treatment and atmospheric exposure. The effects of the duration and number of microwave exposures has been investigated. This rapid and effective microwave step favors the subsequent chlorination treatment enabling a more effective cleaning procedure to take place, yielding higher purity single- and multi-walled CNTs.
Issue: 14
Start Page: 11895
End Page: 11902