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Nickel-Doped Ceria Nanoparticles: The Effect of Annealing on Room Temperature Ferromagnetism / Joseph Bear; Paul McNaughter; Paul Southern; Paul O’Brien; Charles Dunnill

Crystals, Volume: 5, Issue: 3, Pages: 312 - 326

Swansea University Author: Dunnill, Charlie

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DOI (Published version): 10.3390/cryst5030312

Abstract

Nickel-doped cerium dioxide nanoparticles exhibit room temperature ferromagnetism due to high oxygen mobility within the doped CeO2 lattice. CeO2 is an excellent doping matrix as it can lose oxygen whilst retaining its structure. This leads to increased oxygen mobility within the fluorite CeO2 latti...

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Published in: Crystals
Published: 2015
Online Access: http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4352/5/3/312/html
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa29223
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Abstract: Nickel-doped cerium dioxide nanoparticles exhibit room temperature ferromagnetism due to high oxygen mobility within the doped CeO2 lattice. CeO2 is an excellent doping matrix as it can lose oxygen whilst retaining its structure. This leads to increased oxygen mobility within the fluorite CeO2 lattice, leading to the formation of Ce3+ and Ce4+ species and hence doped ceria shows a high propensity for numerous catalytic processes. Magnetic ceria are important in several applications from magnetic data storage devices to magnetically recoverable catalysts. We investigate the effect doping nickel into a CeO2 lattice has on the room temperature ferromagnetism in monodisperse cerium dioxide nanoparticles synthesised by the thermal decomposition of cerium(III) and nickel(II) oleate metal organic precursors before and after annealing. The composition of nanoparticles pre- and post-anneal were analysed using: TEM (transmission electron microscopy), XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), EDS (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) and XRD (X-ray diffraction). Optical and magnetic properties were also studied using UV/Visible spectroscopy and SQUID (superconducting interference device) magnetometry respectively.
Item Description: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0).
Keywords: ceria; nickel doping; ferromagnetism; catalysis; nanoparticles
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 3
Start Page: 312
End Page: 326