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Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction

Laurie A. de Grace, Camilla Knight Orcid Logo, Wendy M. Rodgers, Alexander M. Clark

Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Volume: 28, Pages: 46 - 57

Swansea University Author: Camilla Knight Orcid Logo

Abstract

PurposePotential benefits of participation in sport are widely known. However, sport participation has also been associated with risks, including consumption of alcohol and drugs and such risks may be enhanced among certain populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible links bet...

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Published in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
ISSN: 1469-0292
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa30376
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first_indexed 2016-10-04T13:07:22Z
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spelling 2019-03-14T14:38:04.6910046 v2 30376 2016-10-04 Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction 6c81176f7e92c7c04ff6cfb8f1a0ed60 0000-0001-5806-6887 Camilla Knight Camilla Knight true false 2016-10-04 STSC PurposePotential benefits of participation in sport are widely known. However, sport participation has also been associated with risks, including consumption of alcohol and drugs and such risks may be enhanced among certain populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible links between participation in sport and the subsequent development of substance addiction.Methodology: Realistic Evaluation guided the study, with data collection occurring through semi-structured interviews. Interviews were conducted on the university campus or at a residential treatment center. A total of 21 participants: 7 people who had between 3 and 29 years of sobriety, 13 people in a residential addiction treatment program, and 1 counselor.ResultsParticipants were grouped according to their sport backgrounds as 1) limited sport backgrounds, 2) recreational sports, 3) competitive athletes or 4) competitive athletes whose sport was terminated. Five main contexts were identified: 1) Familial History, Stability, and Illness, 2) Perceived Acceptability of Alcohol, 3) School and Social Atmosphere, 4) Sport Culture, Demands, and Expectations, and 5) Termination of Sport Involvement. The three main mechanisms were identified as: 1) Psychological Characteristics, 2) Coping Strategies, and 3) Availability of Substances.ConclusionsThe prevalence of substance abuse in sports settings might be under-represented in extant literature. The prevalence of substance abuse in sport contexts poses heightened risk of addiction for individuals who are already vulnerable for other reasons such as the presence of predisposing behaviors, psychological characteristics, or circumstances. Journal Article Psychology of Sport and Exercise 28 46 57 1469-0292 31 1 2017 2017-01-31 10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.10.001 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2019-03-14T14:38:04.6910046 2016-10-04T11:37:06.6176258 College of Engineering Sports Science Laurie A. de Grace 1 Camilla Knight 0000-0001-5806-6887 2 Wendy M. Rodgers 3 Alexander M. Clark 4 0030376-07102016130141.pdf degrace2016(2).pdf 2016-10-07T13:01:41.3030000 Output 660982 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2018-04-06T00:00:00.0000000 false
title Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction
spellingShingle Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction
Camilla Knight
title_short Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction
title_full Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction
title_fullStr Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction
title_full_unstemmed Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction
title_sort Exploring the role of sport in the development of substance addiction
author_id_str_mv 6c81176f7e92c7c04ff6cfb8f1a0ed60
author_id_fullname_str_mv 6c81176f7e92c7c04ff6cfb8f1a0ed60_***_Camilla Knight
author Camilla Knight
author2 Laurie A. de Grace
Camilla Knight
Wendy M. Rodgers
Alexander M. Clark
format Journal article
container_title Psychology of Sport and Exercise
container_volume 28
container_start_page 46
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 1469-0292
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.10.001
college_str College of Engineering
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description PurposePotential benefits of participation in sport are widely known. However, sport participation has also been associated with risks, including consumption of alcohol and drugs and such risks may be enhanced among certain populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the possible links between participation in sport and the subsequent development of substance addiction.Methodology: Realistic Evaluation guided the study, with data collection occurring through semi-structured interviews. Interviews were conducted on the university campus or at a residential treatment center. A total of 21 participants: 7 people who had between 3 and 29 years of sobriety, 13 people in a residential addiction treatment program, and 1 counselor.ResultsParticipants were grouped according to their sport backgrounds as 1) limited sport backgrounds, 2) recreational sports, 3) competitive athletes or 4) competitive athletes whose sport was terminated. Five main contexts were identified: 1) Familial History, Stability, and Illness, 2) Perceived Acceptability of Alcohol, 3) School and Social Atmosphere, 4) Sport Culture, Demands, and Expectations, and 5) Termination of Sport Involvement. The three main mechanisms were identified as: 1) Psychological Characteristics, 2) Coping Strategies, and 3) Availability of Substances.ConclusionsThe prevalence of substance abuse in sports settings might be under-represented in extant literature. The prevalence of substance abuse in sport contexts poses heightened risk of addiction for individuals who are already vulnerable for other reasons such as the presence of predisposing behaviors, psychological characteristics, or circumstances.
published_date 2017-01-31T03:42:04Z
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