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Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954 / Themis, Chronopoulos

Australasian Journal of American Studies, Volume: 30, Issue: 1, Pages: 1 - 19

Swansea University Author: Themis, Chronopoulos

Abstract

This article examines efforts to order Times Square during the first five decades of its existence as a high profile commercial centre. Between 1892 and 1954, New York City powerholders launched a number of clean up campaigns that sought to minimize the working class attributes of the district and t...

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Published in: Australasian Journal of American Studies
Published: 2011
Online Access: http://themis.slass.org/times-square.html
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa30496
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last_indexed 2018-02-09T05:16:23Z
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spelling 2017-03-09T16:25:17.4111940 v2 30496 2016-10-06 Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954 72a13448038d4f74247005cdacb95f1d 0000-0003-2690-8634 Themis Chronopoulos Themis Chronopoulos true false 2016-10-06 APC This article examines efforts to order Times Square during the first five decades of its existence as a high profile commercial centre. Between 1892 and 1954, New York City powerholders launched a number of clean up campaigns that sought to minimize the working class attributes of the district and to transform it into a mainstream consumption space. These campaigns targeted commercial sex, gay nightclubs, burlesque theatres, street vendors, &quot;disorderly&quot; people, and honky tonks. The strategies used to order Times Square included exclusionary zoning, moral campaigns and restrictive licensing, as well as the enforcement of curfews, building codes, anti-loitering legislation, and indecency statutes. Despite these efforts, the working class character of Times Square persisted, even though the operation of many working class establishments was disrupted and the freedom of ordinary people to frequent the district was compromised. Ironically, the 1954 rezoning of Times Square, which outlawed the opening of new arcades, engendered the rise of sex shops. Journal Article Australasian Journal of American Studies 30 1 1 19 31 7 2011 2011-07-31 http://themis.slass.org/times-square.html COLLEGE NANME Political and Cultural Studies COLLEGE CODE APC Swansea University 2017-03-09T16:25:17.4111940 2016-10-06T16:51:07.3678335 College of Arts and Humanities Political and Cultural Studies Themis Chronopoulos 0000-0003-2690-8634 1
title Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954
spellingShingle Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954
Themis, Chronopoulos
title_short Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954
title_full Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954
title_fullStr Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954
title_full_unstemmed Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954
title_sort Morality, Social Disorder, and the Working Class in Times Square, 1892-1954
author_id_str_mv 72a13448038d4f74247005cdacb95f1d
author_id_fullname_str_mv 72a13448038d4f74247005cdacb95f1d_***_Themis, Chronopoulos
author Themis, Chronopoulos
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container_title Australasian Journal of American Studies
container_volume 30
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publishDate 2011
institution Swansea University
college_str College of Arts and Humanities
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hierarchy_top_title College of Arts and Humanities
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofartsandhumanities
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department_str Political and Cultural Studies{{{_:::_}}}College of Arts and Humanities{{{_:::_}}}Political and Cultural Studies
url http://themis.slass.org/times-square.html
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description This article examines efforts to order Times Square during the first five decades of its existence as a high profile commercial centre. Between 1892 and 1954, New York City powerholders launched a number of clean up campaigns that sought to minimize the working class attributes of the district and to transform it into a mainstream consumption space. These campaigns targeted commercial sex, gay nightclubs, burlesque theatres, street vendors, &quot;disorderly&quot; people, and honky tonks. The strategies used to order Times Square included exclusionary zoning, moral campaigns and restrictive licensing, as well as the enforcement of curfews, building codes, anti-loitering legislation, and indecency statutes. Despite these efforts, the working class character of Times Square persisted, even though the operation of many working class establishments was disrupted and the freedom of ordinary people to frequent the district was compromised. Ironically, the 1954 rezoning of Times Square, which outlawed the opening of new arcades, engendered the rise of sex shops.
published_date 2011-07-31T19:46:37Z
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