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High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review / William T. B. Eddolls, Melitta A. McNarry, Gareth Stratton, Charles O. N. Winn, Kelly Mackintosh

Sports Medicine

Swansea University Author: Kelly Mackintosh

Abstract

BackgroundWhilst there is increasing interest in the efficacy of high-intensity interval training in children and adolescents as a time-effective method of eliciting health benefits, there remains little consensus within the literature regarding the most effective means for delivering a high-intensi...

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Published in: Sports Medicine
ISSN: 0112-1642 1179-2035
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa34215
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spelling 2017-07-07T09:34:40.2296278 v2 34215 2017-06-09 High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214 0000-0003-0355-6357 Kelly Mackintosh Kelly Mackintosh true false 2017-06-09 STSC BackgroundWhilst there is increasing interest in the efficacy of high-intensity interval training in children and adolescents as a time-effective method of eliciting health benefits, there remains little consensus within the literature regarding the most effective means for delivering a high-intensity interval training intervention. Given the global health issues surrounding childhood obesity and associated health implications, the identification of effective intervention strategies is imperative.ObjectivesThe aim of this review was to examine high-intensity interval training as a means of influencing key health parameters and to elucidate the most effective high-intensity interval training protocol.MethodsStudies were included if they: (1) studied healthy children and/or adolescents (aged 5–18 years); (2) prescribed an intervention that was deemed high intensity; and (3) reported health-related outcome measures.ResultsA total of 2092 studies were initially retrieved from four databases. Studies that were deemed to meet the criteria were downloaded in their entirety and independently assessed for relevance by two authors using the pre-determined criteria. From this, 13 studies were deemed suitable. This review found that high-intensity interval training in children and adolescents is a time-effective method of improving cardiovascular disease biomarkers, but evidence regarding other health-related measures is more equivocal. Running-based sessions, at an intensity of >90% heart rate maximum/100–130% maximal aerobic velocity, two to three times a week and with a minimum intervention duration of 7 weeks, elicit the greatest improvements in participant health.ConclusionWhile high-intensity interval training improves cardiovascular disease biomarkers, and the evidence supports the effectiveness of running-based sessions, as outlined above, further recommendations as to optimal exercise duration and rest intervals remain ambiguous owing to the paucity of literature and the methodological limitations of studies presently available. Journal Article Sports Medicine 0112-1642 1179-2035 31 12 2017 2017-12-31 10.1007/s40279-017-0753-8 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2017-07-07T09:34:40.2296278 2017-06-09T08:42:42.7322756 College of Engineering Sports Science William T. B. Eddolls 1 Melitta A. McNarry 2 Gareth Stratton 3 Charles O. N. Winn 4 Kelly Mackintosh 0000-0003-0355-6357 5 0034215-06072017133520.pdf eddolls2017(2)v4.pdf 2017-07-06T13:35:20.4400000 Output 586337 application/pdf Version of Record true 2017-07-06T00:00:00.0000000 false eng
title High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
spellingShingle High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Kelly, Mackintosh
title_short High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
title_full High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
title_fullStr High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
title_full_unstemmed High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
title_sort High-Intensity Interval Training Interventions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
author_id_str_mv bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214
author_id_fullname_str_mv bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214_***_Kelly, Mackintosh
author Kelly, Mackintosh
author2 William T. B. Eddolls
Melitta A. McNarry
Gareth Stratton
Charles O. N. Winn
Kelly Mackintosh
format Journal article
container_title Sports Medicine
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 0112-1642
1179-2035
doi_str_mv 10.1007/s40279-017-0753-8
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Sports Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Sports Science
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description BackgroundWhilst there is increasing interest in the efficacy of high-intensity interval training in children and adolescents as a time-effective method of eliciting health benefits, there remains little consensus within the literature regarding the most effective means for delivering a high-intensity interval training intervention. Given the global health issues surrounding childhood obesity and associated health implications, the identification of effective intervention strategies is imperative.ObjectivesThe aim of this review was to examine high-intensity interval training as a means of influencing key health parameters and to elucidate the most effective high-intensity interval training protocol.MethodsStudies were included if they: (1) studied healthy children and/or adolescents (aged 5–18 years); (2) prescribed an intervention that was deemed high intensity; and (3) reported health-related outcome measures.ResultsA total of 2092 studies were initially retrieved from four databases. Studies that were deemed to meet the criteria were downloaded in their entirety and independently assessed for relevance by two authors using the pre-determined criteria. From this, 13 studies were deemed suitable. This review found that high-intensity interval training in children and adolescents is a time-effective method of improving cardiovascular disease biomarkers, but evidence regarding other health-related measures is more equivocal. Running-based sessions, at an intensity of >90% heart rate maximum/100–130% maximal aerobic velocity, two to three times a week and with a minimum intervention duration of 7 weeks, elicit the greatest improvements in participant health.ConclusionWhile high-intensity interval training improves cardiovascular disease biomarkers, and the evidence supports the effectiveness of running-based sessions, as outlined above, further recommendations as to optimal exercise duration and rest intervals remain ambiguous owing to the paucity of literature and the methodological limitations of studies presently available.
published_date 2017-12-31T03:51:03Z
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