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Effective in-plane elastic moduli of quasi-random spatially irregular hexagonal lattices
International Journal of Engineering Science, Volume: 119, Pages: 142 - 179
Swansea University Author: Sondipon Adhikari
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An analytical framework is developed for predicting the effective in-plane elastic moduli (longitudinal and transverse Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratios and shear modulus) of irregular hexagonal lattices with generalized form of spatially random structural geometry. On the basis of a mechanics based...
|Published in:||International Journal of Engineering Science|
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An analytical framework is developed for predicting the effective in-plane elastic moduli (longitudinal and transverse Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratios and shear modulus) of irregular hexagonal lattices with generalized form of spatially random structural geometry. On the basis of a mechanics based bottom-up multi-step approach, computationally efficient closed-form formulae are derived in this paper. As a special case when there is no irregularity, the derived analytical expressions reduce to the respective well known formulae of regular honeycombs available in literature. Previous analytical investigations include the derivation of effective in-plane elastic moduli for hexagonal lattices with spatially random variation of cell angles, which is a special case of the generalized form of irregularity in material and structural attributes considered in this paper. The present study also includes development of a highly generalized finite element code for obtaining equivalent elastic properties of random lattices, which is employed to validate the proposed analytical formulae. The statistical results of elastic moduli obtained using the developed analytical expressions and using direct finite element simulations are noticed to be in good agreement affirming the accuracy and validity of the proposed analytical framework. All the in-plane elastic moduli are found to be significantly influenced by spatially random irregularity resulting in a decrease of the mean values for the two Young’s moduli and two Poisson’s ratios, while an increase of the mean value for the shear modulus.
Hexagonal lattice; Spatial irregularity; In-plane elastic moduli; Cellular structure; Honeycomb, Quasi-periodicity
Faculty of Science and Engineering