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Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 / H. Wang, M. Naghavi, C. Allen, R.M. Barber, Z.A. Bhutta, A. Carter, D.C. Casey, F.J. Charlson, A.Z. Chen, M.M. Coates, M. Coggeshall, L. Dandona, D.J. Dicker, H.E. Erskine, A.J. Ferrari, C. Fitzmaurice, K. Foreman, M.H. Forouzanfar, M.S. Fraser, N. Fullman, P.W. Gething, E.M. Goldberg, N. Graetz, J.A. Haagsma, S.I. Hay, C. Huynh, C.O. Johnson, N.J. Kassebaum, Y. Kinfu, X.R. Kulikoff, M. Kutz, H.H. Kyu, H.J. Larson, J. Leung, X. Liang, S.S. Lim, M. Lind, R. Lozano, N. Marquez, G.A. Mensah, J. Mikesell, A.H. Mokdad, M.D. Mooney, G. Nguyen, E. Nsoesie, D.M. Pigott, C. Pinho, G.A. Roth, J.A. Salomon, L. Sandar, N. Silpakit, A. Sligar, R.J.D. Sorensen, J. Stanaway, C. Steiner, S. Teeple, B.A. Thomas, C. Troeger, A. VanderZanden, S.E. Vollset, V. Wanga, H.A. Whiteford, T. Wolock, L. Zoeckler, K.H. Abate, C. Abbafati, K.M. Abbas, F. Abd-Allah, S.F. Abera, D.M.X. Abreu, L.J. Abu-Raddad, G.Y. Abyu, T. Achoki, A.L. Adelekan, Z. Ademi, A.K. Adou, J.C. Adsuar, K.A. Afanvi, A. Afshin, E.E. Agardh, A. Agarwal, A. Agrawal, A.A. Kiadaliri, O.N. Ajala, A.S. Akanda, R.O. Akinyemi, T.F. Akinyemiju, N. Akseer, F.H.A. Lami, S. Alabed, Z. Al-Aly, K. Alam, N.K.M. Alam, D. Alasfoor, S.F. Aldhahri, R.W. Aldridge, M.A. Alegretti, A.V. Aleman, Z.A. Alemu, L.T. Alexander, S. Alhabib, R. Ali, A. Alkerwi, F. Alla, P. Allebeck, R. Al-Raddadi, U. Alsharif, K.A. Altirkawi, E.A. Martin, N. Alvis-Guzman, A.T. Amare, A.K. Amegah, E.A. Ameh, H. Amini, W. Ammar, S.M. Amrock, H.H. Andersen, B.O. Anderson, G.M. Anderson, C.A.T. Antonio, A.F. Aregay, J. Ärnlöv, V.S.A. Arsenijevic, A. Artaman, H. Asayesh, R.J. Asghar, S. Atique, E.F.G.A. Avokpaho, A. Awasthi, P. Azzopardi, U. Bacha, A. Badawi, M.C. Bahit, K. Balakrishnan, A. Banerjee, A. Barac, S.L. Barker-Collo, T. Bärnighausen, L. Barregard, L.H. Barrero, A. Basu, S. Basu, Y.T. Bayou, S. Bazargan-Hejazi, J. Beardsley, N. Bedi, E. Beghi, H.A. Belay, B. Bell, M.L. Bell, A.K. Bello, D.A. Bennett, I.M. Bensenor, A. Berhane, E. Bernabé, B.D. Betsu, A.S. Beyene, N. Bhala, A. Bhalla, S. Biadgilign, B. Bikbov, A.A.B. Abdulhak, B.J. Biroscak, S. Biryukov, E. Bjertness, J.D. Blore, C.D. Blosser, M.A. Bohensky, R. Borschmann, D. Bose, R.R.A. Bourne, M. Brainin, C.E.G. Brayne, A. Brazinova, N.J.K. Breitborde, H. Brenner, J.D. Brewer, A. Brown, J. Brown, T.S. Brugha, G.C. Buckle, Z.A. Butt, B. Calabria, I.R. Campos-Nonato, J.C. Campuzano, J.R. Carapetis, R. Cárdenas, D.O. Carpenter, J.J. Carrero, C.A. Castañeda-Orjuela, J.C. Rivas, F. Catalá-López, F. Cavalleri, K. Cercy, J. Cerda, W. Chen, A. Chew, P.P.-C. Chiang, M. Chibalabala, C.E. Chibueze, O. Chimed-Ochir, V.H. Chisumpa, J.-Y.J. Choi, R. Chowdhury, H. Christensen, D.J. Christopher, L.G. Ciobanu, M. Cirillo, A.J. Cohen, V. Colistro, M. Colomar, S.M. Colquhoun, C. Cooper, L.T. Cooper, M. Cortinovis, B.C. Cowie, J.A. Crump, J. Damsere-Derry, H. Danawi, R. Dandona, F. Daoud, S.C. Darby, P.I. Dargan, J. das Neves, G. Davey, A.C. Davis, D.V. Davitoiu, E.F. de Castro, P. de Jager, D.D. Leo, L. Degenhardt, R.P. Dellavalle, K. Deribe, A. Deribew, S.D. Dharmaratne, P.K. Dhillon, C. Diaz-Torné, E.L. Ding, K.P.B. dos Santos, E. Dossou, T.R. Driscoll, L. Duan, M. Dubey, B.B. Duncan, R.G. Ellenbogen, C.L. Ellingsen, I. Elyazar, A.Y. Endries, S.P. Ermakov, B. Eshrati, A. Esteghamati, K. Estep, I.D.A. Faghmous, S. Fahimi, E.J.A. Faraon, T.A. Farid, C.S.E.S. Farinha, A. Faro, M.S. Farvid, F. Farzadfar, V.L. Feigin, S.-M. Fereshtehnejad, J.G. Fernandes, J.C. Fernandes, F. Fischer, J.R.A. Fitchett, A. Flaxman, N. Foigt, F.G.R. Fowkes, E.B. Franca, R.C. Franklin, J. Friedman, J. Frostad, T. Fürst, N.D. Futran, S.L. Gall, K. Gambashidze, A. Gamkrelidze, P. Ganguly, F.G. Gankpé, T. Gebre, T.T. Gebrehiwot, A.T. Gebremedhin, A.A. Gebru, J.M. Geleijnse, B.D. Gessner, A.G. Ghoshal, K.B. Gibney, R.F. Gillum, S. Gilmour, A.Z. Giref, M. Giroud, M.D. Gishu, G. Giussani, E. Glaser, W.W. Godwin, H. Gomez-Dantes, P. Gona, A. Goodridge, S.V. Gopalani, R.A. Gosselin, C.C. Gotay, A. Goto, H.N. Gouda, F. Greaves, H.C. Gugnani, R. Gupta, V. Gupta, R.A. Gutiérrez, N. Hafezi-Nejad, D. Haile, A.D. Hailu, G.B. Hailu, Y.A. Halasa, R.R. Hamadeh, S. Hamidi, J. Hancock, A.J. Handal, G.J. Hankey, Y. Hao, H.L. Harb, S. Harikrishnan, J.M. Haro, R. Havmoeller, S.R. Heckbert, I.B. Heredia-Pi, P. Heydarpour, H.B.M. Hilderink, H.W. Hoek, R.S. Hogg, M. Horino, N. Horita, H.D. Hosgood, P.J. Hotez, D.G. Hoy, M. Hsairi, A.S. Htet, M.M.T. Htike, G. Hu, C. Huang, H. Huang, L. Huiart, A. Husseini, I. Huybrechts, G. Huynh, K.M. Iburg, K. Innos, M. Inoue, V.J. Iyer, T.A. Jacobs, K.H. Jacobsen, N. Jahanmehr, M.B. Jakovljevic, P. James, M. Javanbakht, S.P. Jayaraman, A.U. Jayatilleke, P. Jeemon, P.N. Jensen, V. Jha, G. Jiang, Y. Jiang, T. Jibat, A. Jimenez-Corona, J.B. Jonas, T.K. Joshi, Z. Kabir, R. Kamal, H. Kan, S. Kant, A. Karch, C.K. Karema, C. Karimkhani, D. Karletsos, G. Karthikeyan, A. Kasaeian, M. Katibeh, A. Kaul, N. Kawakami, J.F. Kayibanda, P.N. Keiyoro, L. Kemmer, A.H. Kemp, A.P. Kengne, A. Keren, M. Kereselidze, C.N. Kesavachandran, Y.S. Khader, I.A. Khalil, A.R. Khan, E.A. Khan, Y.-H. Khang, S. Khera, T.A.M. Khoja, C. Kieling, D. Kim, Y.J. Kim, B.M. Kissela, N. Kissoon, L.D. Knibbs, A.K. Knudsen, Y. Kokubo, D. Kolte, J.A. Kopec, S. Kosen, P.A. Koul, A. Koyanagi, N.H. Krog, B.K. Defo, B.K. Bicer, A.A. Kudom, E.J. Kuipers, V.S. Kulkarni, G.A. Kumar, G.F. Kwan, A. Lal, D.K. Lal, R. Lalloo, H. Lam, J.O. Lam, S.M. Langan, V.C. Lansingh, A. Larsson, D.O. Laryea, A.A. Latif, A.E.B. Lawrynowicz, J. Leigh, M. Levi, Y. Li, M.P. Lindsay, S.E. Lipshultz, P.Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Liu, L.-T. Lo, G. Logroscino, P.A. Lotufo, R.M. Lucas, R. Lunevicius, R.A. Lyons, S. Ma, V.M.P. Machado, M.T. Mackay, J.H. MacLachlan, H.M.A.E. Razek, M. Magdy, A.E. Razek, M. Majdan, A. Majeed, R. Malekzadeh, W.A.A. Manamo, J. Mandisarisa, S. Mangalam, C.C. Mapoma, W. Marcenes, D.J. Margolis, G.R. Martin, J. Martinez-Raga, M.B. Marzan, F. Masiye, A.J. Mason-Jones, J. Massano, R. Matzopoulos, B.M. Mayosi, S.T. McGarvey, J.J. McGrath, M. McKee, B.J. McMahon, P.A. Meaney, A. Mehari, M.M. Mehndiratta, F. Mejia-Rodriguez, A.B. Mekonnen, Y.A. Melaku, P. Memiah, Z.A. Memish, W. Mendoza, A. Meretoja, T.J. Meretoja, F.A. Mhimbira, R. Micha, T.R. Miller, M. Mirarefin, A. Misganaw, C.N. Mock, K.A. Mohammad, A. Mohammadi, S. Mohammed, V. Mohan, G.L.D. Mola, L. Monasta, J.C.M. Hernandez, P. Montero, M. Montico, T.J. Montine, M. Moradi-Lakeh, L. Morawska, K. Morgan, R. Mori, D. Mozaffarian, U.O. Mueller, G.V.S. Murthy, S. Murthy, K.I. Musa, J.B. Nachega, G. Nagel, K.S. Naidoo, N. Naik, L. Naldi, V. Nangia, D. Nash, C. Nejjari, S. Neupane, C.R. Newton, J.N. Newton, M. Ng, F.N. Ngalesoni, J. de Dieu Ngirabega, Q.L. Nguyen, M.I. Nisar, P.M.N. Pete, M. Nomura, O.F. Norheim, P.E. Norman, B. Norrving, L. Nyakarahuka, F.A. Ogbo, T. Ohkubo, F.A. Ojelabi, P.R. Olivares, B.O. Olusanya, J.O. Olusanya, J.N. Opio, E. Oren, A. Ortiz, M. Osman, E. Ota, R. Ozdemir, M. PA, J.D. Pandian, P.R. Pant, C. Papachristou, E.-K. Park, J.-H. Park, C.D. Parry, M. Parsaeian, A.J.P. Caicedo, S.B. Patten, G.C. Patton, V.K. Paul, N. Pearce, J.M. Pedro, L.P. Stokic, D.M. Pereira, N. Perico, K. Pesudovs, M. Petzold, M.R. Phillips, F.B. Piel, J.D. Pillay, D. Plass, J.A. Platts-Mills, S. Polinder, C.A. Pope, S. Popova, R.G. Poulton, F. Pourmalek, D. Prabhakaran, M. Qorbani, J. Quame-Amaglo, D.A. Quistberg, A. Rafay, K. Rahimi, V. Rahimi-Movaghar, M. Rahman, M.H.U. Rahman, S.U. Rahman, R.K. Rai, Z. Rajavi, S. Rajsic, M. Raju, I. Rakovac, S.M. Rana, C.L. Ranabhat, T. Rangaswamy, P. Rao, S.R. Rao, A.H. Refaat, J. Rehm, M.B. Reitsma, G. Remuzzi, S. Resnikoff, A.L. Ribeiro, S. Ricci, M.J.R. Blancas, B. Roberts, A. Roca, D. Rojas-Rueda, L. Ronfani, G. Roshandel, D. Rothenbacher, A. Roy, N.K. Roy, G.M. Ruhago, R. Sagar, S. Saha, R. Sahathevan, M.M. Saleh, J.R. Sanabria, M.D. Sanchez-Niño, L. Sanchez-Riera, I.S. Santos, R. Sarmiento-Suarez, B. Sartorius, M. Satpathy, M. Savic, M. Sawhney, M.P. Schaub, M.I. Schmidt, I.J.C. Schneider, B. Schöttker, A.E. Schutte, D.C. Schwebel, S. Seedat, S.G. Sepanlou, E.E. Servan-Mori, K.A. Shackelford, G. Shaddick, A. Shaheen, S. Shahraz, M.A. Shaikh, M. Shakh-Nazarova, R. Sharma, J. She, S. Sheikhbahaei, J. Shen, Z. Shen, D.S. Shepard, K.N. Sheth, B.P. Shetty, P. Shi, K. Shibuya, M.-J. Shin, R. Shiri, I. Shiue, M.G. Shrime, I.D. Sigfusdottir, D.H. Silberberg, D.A.S. Silva, D.G.A. Silveira, J.I. Silverberg, E.P. Simard, A. Singh, G.M. Singh, J.A. Singh, O.P. Singh, P.K. Singh, V. Singh, S. Soneji, K. Søreide, J.B. Soriano, L.A. Sposato, C.T. Sreeramareddy, V. Stathopoulou, D.J. Stein, M.B. Stein, S. Stranges, K. Stroumpoulis, B.F. Sunguya, P. Sur, S. Swaminathan, B.L. Sykes, C.E.I. Szoeke, R. Tabarés-Seisdedos, K.M. Tabb, K. Takahashi, J.S. Takala, R.T. Talongwa, N. Tandon, M. Tavakkoli, B. Taye, H.R. Taylor, B.J.T. Ao, B.A. Tedla, W.M. Tefera, M.T. Have, A.S. Terkawi, F.H. Tesfay, G.A. Tessema, A.J. Thomson, A.L. Thorne-Lyman, A.G. Thrift, G.D. Thurston, T. Tillmann, D.L. Tirschwell, M. Tonelli, R. Topor-Madry, F. Topouzis, J.A. Towbin, J. Traebert, B.X. Tran, T. Truelsen, U. Trujillo, A.K. Tura, E.M. Tuzcu, U.S. Uchendu, K.N. Ukwaja, E.A. Undurraga, O.A. Uthman, R.V. Dingenen, A. van Donkelaar, T. Vasankari, A.M.N. Vasconcelos, N. Venketasubramanian, R. Vidavalur, L. Vijayakumar, S. Villalpando, F.S. Violante, V.V. Vlassov, J.A. Wagner, G.R. Wagner, M.T. Wallin, L. Wang, D.A. Watkins, S. Weichenthal, E. Weiderpass, R.G. Weintraub, A. Werdecker, R. Westerman, R.A. White, T. Wijeratne, J.D. Wilkinson, H.C. Williams, C.S. Wiysonge, S.M. Woldeyohannes, C.D.A. Wolfe, S. Won, J.Q. Wong, A.D. Woolf, D. Xavier, Q. Xiao, G. Xu, B. Yakob, A.Z. Yalew, L.L. Yan, Y. Yano, M. Yaseri, P. Ye, H.G. Yebyo, P. Yip, B.D. Yirsaw, N. Yonemoto, G. Yonga, M.Z. Younis, S. Yu, Z. Zaidi, M.E.S. Zaki, F. Zannad, D.E. Zavala, H. Zeeb, B.M. Zeleke, H. Zhang, S. Zodpey, D. Zonies, L.J. Zuhlke, T. Vos, A.D. Lopez, C.J.L. Murray, Ronan Lyons, Andrew Kemp

The Lancet, Volume: 388, Issue: 10053, Pages: 1459 - 1544

Swansea University Authors: Ronan Lyons, Andrew Kemp

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Published in: The Lancet
ISSN: 01406736
Published: 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa34419
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College: College of Human and Health Sciences
Issue: 10053
Start Page: 1459
End Page: 1544