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Data assimilation and modelling of patient-specific single-ventricle physiology with and without valve regurgitation
Journal of Biomechanics, Volume: 49, Issue: 11, Pages: 2162 - 2173
Swansea University Author: Sanjay Pant
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A closed-loop lumped parameter model of blood circulation is considered for single-ventricle shunt physiology. Its parameters are estimated by an inverse problem based on patient-specific haemodynamics measurements. As opposed to a black-box approach, maximizing the number of parameters that are rel...
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A closed-loop lumped parameter model of blood circulation is considered for single-ventricle shunt physiology. Its parameters are estimated by an inverse problem based on patient-specific haemodynamics measurements. As opposed to a black-box approach, maximizing the number of parameters that are related to physically measurable quantities motivates the present model. Heart chambers are described by a single-fibre mechanics model, and valve function is modelled with smooth opening and closure. A model for valve prolapse leading to valve regurgitation is proposed. The method of data assimilation, in particular the unscented Kalman filter, is used to estimate the model parameters from time-varying clinical measurements. This method takes into account both the uncertainty in prior knowledge related to the parameters and the uncertainty associated with the clinical measurements. Two patient-specific cases – one without regurgitation and one with atrioventricular valve regurgitation – are presented. Pulmonary and systemic circulation parameters are successfully estimated, without assumptions on their relationships. Parameters governing the behaviour of heart chambers and valves are either fixed based on biomechanics, or estimated. Results of the inverse problem are validated qualitatively through clinical measurements or clinical estimates that were not included in the parameter estimation procedure. The model and the estimation method are shown to successfully capture patient-specific clinical observations, even with regurgitation, such as the double peaked nature of valvular flows and anomalies in electrocardiogram readings. Lastly, biomechanical implications of the results are discussed.
Single-ventricle physiology, Valve regurgitation, Data assimilation, Unscented Kalman filter, Patient-specific modelling, Single-fibre heart model
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