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The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players / Russell M, Reynolds N.A, Crewther B.T, Cook C.J, Kilduff L, Liam Kilduff

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Start page: 1

Swansea University Author: Liam Kilduff

Abstract

Despite the prevalence of caffeine as an ergogenic aid, few studies have examined the use of caffeinated gums, especially during half-time in team sports. The physiological (blood lactate, salivary hormone concentrations) and performance (repeated sprints, cognitive function) effects of consuming ca...

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Published in: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
ISSN: 1064-8011
Published: 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa34830
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fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2017-12-11T10:25:55.3026657</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>34830</id><entry>2017-07-31</entry><title>The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98</sid><ORCID>0000-0001-9449-2293</ORCID><firstname>Liam</firstname><surname>Kilduff</surname><name>Liam Kilduff</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>false</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2017-07-31</date><deptcode>STSC</deptcode><abstract>Despite the prevalence of caffeine as an ergogenic aid, few studies have examined the use of caffeinated gums, especially during half-time in team sports. The physiological (blood lactate, salivary hormone concentrations) and performance (repeated sprints, cognitive function) effects of consuming caffeine gum during a simulated half-time were examined. Professional academy rugby union players (n=14) completed this double-blind, randomized, counterbalanced study. Following pre-exercise measurements , players chewed a placebo (PL) gum for five min before a standardized warm-up and completing repeated sprint testing (RSSA1). Thereafter, during a 15 min simulated half-time period, players chewed either caffeine (CAF: 400 mg; 4.1 +/- 0.5 mg[middle dot]kg-1) or PL gum for five min before completing a second repeated sprint test (RSSA2). Blood lactate, salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations, and indices of cognitive function (i.e., reaction time and Stroop test) were measured at baseline, pre-RSSA1, post-RSSA1, pre-RSSA2 and post-RSSA2. Sprint performance was not affected by CAF (P=0.995) despite slower sprint times following the first sprint of both RSSA tests (all P&lt;0.002). Following half-time, salivary testosterone increased by 70% (+97+/-58 pg[middle dot]mL-1) in CAF versus PLA (P&lt;0.001) whereas salivary cortisol remained unchanged (P=0.307). Cognitive performance was unaffected by time and trial (all P&gt;0.05). Although performance effects were absent, chewing caffeine gum increased the salivary testosterone concentrations of professional rugby union players over a simulated half-time. Practitioners may therefore choose to recommend caffeine gum between successive exercise bouts due to the increases in salivary testosterone observed; a variable associated with increased motivation and high-intensity exercise performance.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research</journal><paginationStart>1</paginationStart><publisher/><issnPrint>1064-8011</issnPrint><keywords/><publishedDay>31</publishedDay><publishedMonth>12</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2017</publishedYear><publishedDate>2017-12-31</publishedDate><doi>10.1519/JSC.0000000000002185</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Sport and Exercise Sciences</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>STSC</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><lastEdited>2017-12-11T10:25:55.3026657</lastEdited><Created>2017-07-31T09:25:59.7375375</Created><path><level id="1">College of Engineering</level><level id="2">Engineering</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Russell</firstname><surname>M</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Reynolds</firstname><surname>N.A</surname><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Crewther</firstname><surname>B.T</surname><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Cook</firstname><surname>C.J</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>Kilduff</firstname><surname>L</surname><order>5</order></author><author><firstname>Liam</firstname><surname>Kilduff</surname><orcid>0000-0001-9449-2293</orcid><order>6</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>0034830-31072017093008.pdf</filename><originalFilename>russell2017(3).pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2017-07-31T09:30:08.1070000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>1485774</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Accepted Manuscript</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><embargoDate>2018-11-27T00:00:00.0000000</embargoDate><copyrightCorrect>false</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2017-12-11T10:25:55.3026657 v2 34830 2017-07-31 The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98 0000-0001-9449-2293 Liam Kilduff Liam Kilduff true false 2017-07-31 STSC Despite the prevalence of caffeine as an ergogenic aid, few studies have examined the use of caffeinated gums, especially during half-time in team sports. The physiological (blood lactate, salivary hormone concentrations) and performance (repeated sprints, cognitive function) effects of consuming caffeine gum during a simulated half-time were examined. Professional academy rugby union players (n=14) completed this double-blind, randomized, counterbalanced study. Following pre-exercise measurements , players chewed a placebo (PL) gum for five min before a standardized warm-up and completing repeated sprint testing (RSSA1). Thereafter, during a 15 min simulated half-time period, players chewed either caffeine (CAF: 400 mg; 4.1 +/- 0.5 mg[middle dot]kg-1) or PL gum for five min before completing a second repeated sprint test (RSSA2). Blood lactate, salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations, and indices of cognitive function (i.e., reaction time and Stroop test) were measured at baseline, pre-RSSA1, post-RSSA1, pre-RSSA2 and post-RSSA2. Sprint performance was not affected by CAF (P=0.995) despite slower sprint times following the first sprint of both RSSA tests (all P<0.002). Following half-time, salivary testosterone increased by 70% (+97+/-58 pg[middle dot]mL-1) in CAF versus PLA (P<0.001) whereas salivary cortisol remained unchanged (P=0.307). Cognitive performance was unaffected by time and trial (all P>0.05). Although performance effects were absent, chewing caffeine gum increased the salivary testosterone concentrations of professional rugby union players over a simulated half-time. Practitioners may therefore choose to recommend caffeine gum between successive exercise bouts due to the increases in salivary testosterone observed; a variable associated with increased motivation and high-intensity exercise performance. Journal Article Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 1 1064-8011 31 12 2017 2017-12-31 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002185 COLLEGE NANME Sport and Exercise Sciences COLLEGE CODE STSC Swansea University 2017-12-11T10:25:55.3026657 2017-07-31T09:25:59.7375375 College of Engineering Engineering Russell M 1 Reynolds N.A 2 Crewther B.T 3 Cook C.J 4 Kilduff L 5 Liam Kilduff 0000-0001-9449-2293 6 0034830-31072017093008.pdf russell2017(3).pdf 2017-07-31T09:30:08.1070000 Output 1485774 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2018-11-27T00:00:00.0000000 false eng
title The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players
spellingShingle The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players
Liam, Kilduff
title_short The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players
title_full The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players
title_fullStr The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players
title_full_unstemmed The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players
title_sort The Physiological and Performance Effects of Caffeine Gum Consumed During A Simulated Half-Time By Professional Academy Rugby Union Players
author_id_str_mv 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98
author_id_fullname_str_mv 972ed9a1dda7a0de20581a0f8350be98_***_Liam, Kilduff
author Liam, Kilduff
author2 Russell M
Reynolds N.A
Crewther B.T
Cook C.J
Kilduff L
Liam Kilduff
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container_title Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 1064-8011
doi_str_mv 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002185
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
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description Despite the prevalence of caffeine as an ergogenic aid, few studies have examined the use of caffeinated gums, especially during half-time in team sports. The physiological (blood lactate, salivary hormone concentrations) and performance (repeated sprints, cognitive function) effects of consuming caffeine gum during a simulated half-time were examined. Professional academy rugby union players (n=14) completed this double-blind, randomized, counterbalanced study. Following pre-exercise measurements , players chewed a placebo (PL) gum for five min before a standardized warm-up and completing repeated sprint testing (RSSA1). Thereafter, during a 15 min simulated half-time period, players chewed either caffeine (CAF: 400 mg; 4.1 +/- 0.5 mg[middle dot]kg-1) or PL gum for five min before completing a second repeated sprint test (RSSA2). Blood lactate, salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations, and indices of cognitive function (i.e., reaction time and Stroop test) were measured at baseline, pre-RSSA1, post-RSSA1, pre-RSSA2 and post-RSSA2. Sprint performance was not affected by CAF (P=0.995) despite slower sprint times following the first sprint of both RSSA tests (all P<0.002). Following half-time, salivary testosterone increased by 70% (+97+/-58 pg[middle dot]mL-1) in CAF versus PLA (P<0.001) whereas salivary cortisol remained unchanged (P=0.307). Cognitive performance was unaffected by time and trial (all P>0.05). Although performance effects were absent, chewing caffeine gum increased the salivary testosterone concentrations of professional rugby union players over a simulated half-time. Practitioners may therefore choose to recommend caffeine gum between successive exercise bouts due to the increases in salivary testosterone observed; a variable associated with increased motivation and high-intensity exercise performance.
published_date 2017-12-31T03:49:09Z
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