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Stochastic finite element response analysis using random eigenfunction expansion

S.E. Pryse, S. Adhikari, Sondipon Adhikari

Computers & Structures, Volume: 192, Pages: 1 - 15

Swansea University Author: Sondipon Adhikari

Abstract

A mathematical form for the response of the stochastic finite element analysis of elliptical partial differential equations has been established through summing products of random scalars and random vectors. The method is based upon the eigendecomposition of a system's stiffness matrix. The com...

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Published in: Computers & Structures
ISSN: 0045-7949
Published: 2017
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa34858
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Abstract: A mathematical form for the response of the stochastic finite element analysis of elliptical partial differential equations has been established through summing products of random scalars and random vectors. The method is based upon the eigendecomposition of a system's stiffness matrix. The computational reduction is achieved by only summing the dominant terms and by approximating the random eigenvalues and the random eigenvectors. An error analysis has been conducted to investigate the effect of the truncation and the approximations. Consequently, a novel error minimisation technique has been applied through the Galerkin error minimisation approach. This has been implemented by utilising the orthogonal nature of the random eigenvectors. The proposed method is used to solve three numerical examples: the bending of a stochastic beam, the flow through a porous media with stochastic permeability and the bending of a stochastic plate. The results obtained through the proposed random eigenfunction expansion approach are compared with those obtained by using direct Monte Carlo Simulations and by using polynomial chaos.
Keywords: Stochastic differential equations; Eigenfunctions; Galerkin; Finite element; Eigendecomposition; Spectral decomposition; Reduced methods
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Start Page: 1
End Page: 15