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Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs / Ruth Callaway; Chiara Bertelli; Richard Unsworth; Gill Lock; Tim Carter; Erik Friis-Madsen; Hans Christian Soerensen; Frank Neumann

Proceedings of the 12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference 27th Aug -1st Sept 2017, Cork, Ireland, Pages: 917-1 - 917-9

Swansea University Author: Callaway, Ruth

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Abstract

Artificial structures such as wave and tidal energy devices provide surfaces and structures that are naturally colonised by marine flora and fauna. Properties of the building material, surface texture and structural complexity of the infrastructure will determine the suitability as a habitat for mar...

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Published in: Proceedings of the 12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference 27th Aug -1st Sept 2017, Cork, Ireland
ISSN: 2309-1983 2309-1983
Published: Cork, Ireland European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC) 2017 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa35446
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first_indexed 2017-09-19T19:05:50Z
last_indexed 2018-02-09T05:26:38Z
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spelling 2017-11-17T11:48:27Z v2 35446 2017-09-19 Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs Ruth Callaway Ruth Callaway true 0000-0001-9710-2940 false 61d7fe28cbb286de1c9c43f45014c490 152f6c48087f2d806edfa13c3510637d qzMU6F/bWRL4O0SFVV46kn2HZhUyFASdV1DFdgIIhKs= 2017-09-19 SBI Artificial structures such as wave and tidal energy devices provide surfaces and structures that are naturally colonised by marine flora and fauna. Properties of the building material, surface texture and structural complexity of the infrastructure will determine the suitability as a habitat for marine organisms. While it may be desirable to inhibit fouling of some parts of the energy devices, the colonisation of other features may not compromise their overall functionality. Here we explore opportunities to not just tolerate the colonisation of marine infrastructure, but to design and manipulate features that would deliberately attract and host marine organisms. Serendipitous colonisation would be transformed into deliberately creating artificial reefs on the seafloor as well as floating reefs. This paper focuses on conceptual options for coastal, close-to-shore infrastructure, and it introduces two case studies: a proposed tidal lagoon that exploits tidal range energy and a wave energy converter. Positive reef-effects of these devices could include the enhancement of biodiversity of invertebrates and fish, habitat restoration or the production of commercial species. Conference contribution Proceedings of the 12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference 27th Aug -1st Sept 2017, Cork, Ireland 917-1 917-9 European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC) 2017 Cork, Ireland 2309-1983 2309-1983 Artificial reef, biodiversity, environmental enhancement, wave energy converter, tidal lagoon 27 8 2017 2017-08-27 http://www.ewtec.org/ewtec-2017/ College of Science Biosciences CSCI SBI Sustainable Expansion of the Applied Coastal and Marine Sectors None 2017-11-17T11:48:27Z 2017-09-19T17:41:27Z College of Science Biosciences Ruth Callaway 1 Chiara Bertelli 2 Richard Unsworth 3 Gill Lock 4 Tim Carter 5 Erik Friis-Madsen 6 Hans Christian Soerensen 7 Frank Neumann 8
title Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs
spellingShingle Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs
Callaway, Ruth
title_short Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs
title_full Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs
title_fullStr Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs
title_full_unstemmed Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs
title_sort Wave and Tidal Range Energy Devices Offer Environmental Opportunities as Artificial Reefs
author_id_str_mv 61d7fe28cbb286de1c9c43f45014c490
author_id_fullname_str_mv 61d7fe28cbb286de1c9c43f45014c490_***_Callaway, Ruth
author Callaway, Ruth
author2 Ruth Callaway
Chiara Bertelli
Richard Unsworth
Gill Lock
Tim Carter
Erik Friis-Madsen
Hans Christian Soerensen
Frank Neumann
format Conference contribution
container_title Proceedings of the 12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference 27th Aug -1st Sept 2017, Cork, Ireland
container_start_page 917-1
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 2309-1983
2309-1983
publisher European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC) 2017
college_str College of Science
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_top_title College of Science
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_parent_title College of Science
department_str Biosciences{{{_:::_}}}College of Science{{{_:::_}}}Biosciences
url http://www.ewtec.org/ewtec-2017/
document_store_str 0
active_str 1
researchgroup_str Sustainable Expansion of the Applied Coastal and Marine Sectors
description Artificial structures such as wave and tidal energy devices provide surfaces and structures that are naturally colonised by marine flora and fauna. Properties of the building material, surface texture and structural complexity of the infrastructure will determine the suitability as a habitat for marine organisms. While it may be desirable to inhibit fouling of some parts of the energy devices, the colonisation of other features may not compromise their overall functionality. Here we explore opportunities to not just tolerate the colonisation of marine infrastructure, but to design and manipulate features that would deliberately attract and host marine organisms. Serendipitous colonisation would be transformed into deliberately creating artificial reefs on the seafloor as well as floating reefs. This paper focuses on conceptual options for coastal, close-to-shore infrastructure, and it introduces two case studies: a proposed tidal lagoon that exploits tidal range energy and a wave energy converter. Positive reef-effects of these devices could include the enhancement of biodiversity of invertebrates and fish, habitat restoration or the production of commercial species.
published_date 2017-08-27T15:58:31Z
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score 10.827766