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Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children / Cain C. T. Clark, Claire M. Barnes, Nils J. Swindell, Mark D. Holton, Daniel D. Bingham, Paul J. Collings, Sally E. Barber, Huw D. Summers, Kelly A. Mackintosh, Gareth Stratton, Mark Holton, Huw Summers, Kelly Mackintosh

Journal of Motor Behavior, Volume: 50, Issue: 5, Pages: 557 - 565

Swansea University Authors: Mark Holton, Huw Summers, Kelly Mackintosh, Gareth Stratton

Abstract

There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity a...

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Published in: Journal of Motor Behavior
ISSN: 0022-2895 1940-1027
Published: Informa UK Limited 2018
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa36113
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Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3&#x2013;5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 &#xB1; 0.7 years, 1.04 &#xB1; 0.05 m, 17.8 &#xB1; 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer. Characteristics of movement quality were profiled using a clustering algorithm. Spearman's rho and the Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess relationships between movement quality characteristics and motor competence classification differences in integrated acceleration and spectral purity, respectively. Significant differences were found between motor competency classifications for spectral purity and integrated acceleration (p &lt; .001). Spectral purity was hierarchically clustered with motor competence and integrated acceleration. Significant positive correlations were found between spectral purity, integrated acceleration and motor competence (p &lt; .001). This is the first study to report spectral purity in pre-school children and the results suggest that the underlying frequency component of movement is clustered with motor competence.</abstract><type>Journal Article</type><journal>Journal of Motor Behavior</journal><volume>50</volume><journalNumber>5</journalNumber><paginationStart>557</paginationStart><paginationEnd>565</paginationEnd><publisher>Informa UK Limited</publisher><issnPrint>0022-2895</issnPrint><issnElectronic>1940-1027</issnElectronic><keywords>Accelerometer, clustergram, motor competence, spectral purity</keywords><publishedDay>3</publishedDay><publishedMonth>9</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2018</publishedYear><publishedDate>2018-09-03</publishedDate><doi>10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454</doi><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Biosciences</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><DepartmentCode>SBI</DepartmentCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><apcterm/><lastEdited>2020-06-19T14:53:05.4796950</lastEdited><Created>2017-10-17T10:45:16.9964125</Created><path><level id="1">College of Engineering</level><level id="2">Engineering</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Cain C. T.</firstname><surname>Clark</surname><order>1</order></author><author><firstname>Claire M.</firstname><surname>Barnes</surname><order>2</order></author><author><firstname>Nils J.</firstname><surname>Swindell</surname><order>3</order></author><author><firstname>Mark D.</firstname><surname>Holton</surname><order>4</order></author><author><firstname>Daniel D.</firstname><surname>Bingham</surname><order>5</order></author><author><firstname>Paul J.</firstname><surname>Collings</surname><order>6</order></author><author><firstname>Sally E.</firstname><surname>Barber</surname><order>7</order></author><author><firstname>Huw D.</firstname><surname>Summers</surname><order>8</order></author><author><firstname>Kelly A.</firstname><surname>Mackintosh</surname><order>9</order></author><author><firstname>Gareth</firstname><surname>Stratton</surname><order>10</order></author><author><firstname>Mark</firstname><surname>Holton</surname><orcid>0000-0001-8834-3283</orcid><order>11</order></author><author><firstname>Huw</firstname><surname>Summers</surname><orcid>0000-0002-0898-5612</orcid><order>12</order></author><author><firstname>Kelly</firstname><surname>Mackintosh</surname><orcid>0000-0003-0355-6357</orcid><order>13</order></author><author><firstname>Gareth</firstname><surname>Stratton</surname><orcid>0000-0001-5618-0803</orcid><order>14</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>36113__6950__a18dc126dc8a4fd0bab07fb3ce033ebe.pdf</filename><originalFilename>clark2017v3.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2017-10-24T14:09:30.2270000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>614922</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>Accepted Manuscript</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><embargoDate>2018-10-06T00:00:00.0000000</embargoDate><copyrightCorrect>true</copyrightCorrect><language>eng</language></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2020-06-19T14:53:05.4796950 v2 36113 2017-10-17 Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children 0e1d89d0cc934a740dcd0a873aed178e 0000-0001-8834-3283 Mark Holton Mark Holton true false a61c15e220837ebfa52648c143769427 0000-0002-0898-5612 Huw Summers Huw Summers true false bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214 0000-0003-0355-6357 Kelly Mackintosh Kelly Mackintosh true false 6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01 0000-0001-5618-0803 Gareth Stratton Gareth Stratton true false 2017-10-17 SBI There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3–5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 ± 0.7 years, 1.04 ± 0.05 m, 17.8 ± 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer. Characteristics of movement quality were profiled using a clustering algorithm. Spearman's rho and the Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess relationships between movement quality characteristics and motor competence classification differences in integrated acceleration and spectral purity, respectively. Significant differences were found between motor competency classifications for spectral purity and integrated acceleration (p < .001). Spectral purity was hierarchically clustered with motor competence and integrated acceleration. Significant positive correlations were found between spectral purity, integrated acceleration and motor competence (p < .001). This is the first study to report spectral purity in pre-school children and the results suggest that the underlying frequency component of movement is clustered with motor competence. Journal Article Journal of Motor Behavior 50 5 557 565 Informa UK Limited 0022-2895 1940-1027 Accelerometer, clustergram, motor competence, spectral purity 3 9 2018 2018-09-03 10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454 COLLEGE NANME Biosciences COLLEGE CODE SBI Swansea University 2020-06-19T14:53:05.4796950 2017-10-17T10:45:16.9964125 College of Engineering Engineering Cain C. T. Clark 1 Claire M. Barnes 2 Nils J. Swindell 3 Mark D. Holton 4 Daniel D. Bingham 5 Paul J. Collings 6 Sally E. Barber 7 Huw D. Summers 8 Kelly A. Mackintosh 9 Gareth Stratton 10 Mark Holton 0000-0001-8834-3283 11 Huw Summers 0000-0002-0898-5612 12 Kelly Mackintosh 0000-0003-0355-6357 13 Gareth Stratton 0000-0001-5618-0803 14 36113__6950__a18dc126dc8a4fd0bab07fb3ce033ebe.pdf clark2017v3.pdf 2017-10-24T14:09:30.2270000 Output 614922 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2018-10-06T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children
spellingShingle Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children
Mark, Holton
Huw, Summers
Kelly, Mackintosh
Gareth, Stratton
title_short Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children
title_full Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children
title_fullStr Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children
title_full_unstemmed Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children
title_sort Profiling Movement and Gait Quality Characteristics in Pre-School Children
author_id_str_mv 0e1d89d0cc934a740dcd0a873aed178e
a61c15e220837ebfa52648c143769427
bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214
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author_id_fullname_str_mv 0e1d89d0cc934a740dcd0a873aed178e_***_Mark, Holton
a61c15e220837ebfa52648c143769427_***_Huw, Summers
bdb20e3f31bcccf95c7bc116070c4214_***_Kelly, Mackintosh
6d62b2ed126961bed81a94a2beba8a01_***_Gareth, Stratton
author Mark, Holton
Huw, Summers
Kelly, Mackintosh
Gareth, Stratton
author2 Cain C. T. Clark
Claire M. Barnes
Nils J. Swindell
Mark D. Holton
Daniel D. Bingham
Paul J. Collings
Sally E. Barber
Huw D. Summers
Kelly A. Mackintosh
Gareth Stratton
Mark Holton
Huw Summers
Kelly Mackintosh
Gareth Stratton
format Journal article
container_title Journal of Motor Behavior
container_volume 50
container_issue 5
container_start_page 557
publishDate 2018
institution Swansea University
issn 0022-2895
1940-1027
doi_str_mv 10.1080/00222895.2017.1375454
publisher Informa UK Limited
college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_top_title College of Engineering
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofengineering
hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
department_str Engineering{{{_:::_}}}College of Engineering{{{_:::_}}}Engineering
document_store_str 1
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description There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3–5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 ± 0.7 years, 1.04 ± 0.05 m, 17.8 ± 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer. Characteristics of movement quality were profiled using a clustering algorithm. Spearman's rho and the Mann-Whitney U tests were used to assess relationships between movement quality characteristics and motor competence classification differences in integrated acceleration and spectral purity, respectively. Significant differences were found between motor competency classifications for spectral purity and integrated acceleration (p < .001). Spectral purity was hierarchically clustered with motor competence and integrated acceleration. Significant positive correlations were found between spectral purity, integrated acceleration and motor competence (p < .001). This is the first study to report spectral purity in pre-school children and the results suggest that the underlying frequency component of movement is clustered with motor competence.
published_date 2018-09-03T03:50:29Z
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