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Athletes' experiences of expressive writing about sports stressors / Joanne Hudson, Melissa C. Day

Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Volume: 13, Issue: 6, Pages: 798 - 806

Swansea University Author: Joanne Hudson

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Abstract

ObjectivesThis study explored athletes' experiences of expressive writing about competitive sport stressors using standard expressive writing and reversal theory framed writing (Apter, 2001).DesignThe study employed a qualitative approach including narrative analysis of expressive writing and s...

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Published in: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
ISSN: 1469-0292 1878-5476
Published: 2012
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa36211
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Abstract: ObjectivesThis study explored athletes' experiences of expressive writing about competitive sport stressors using standard expressive writing and reversal theory framed writing (Apter, 2001).DesignThe study employed a qualitative approach including narrative analysis of expressive writing and semi-structured interviews with athletes.MethodSixteen athletes were randomly allocated to a standard expressive writing or a reversal theory framed writing group. Both groups completed expressive writing about a stressor using standardised instructions. The reversal theory writing group were instructed on reversal theory states and imagery use to recreate them which they employed to write from different state perspectives in four subsequent sessions. Standard writing group participants completed four sessions following usual expressive writing instructions. Both groups completed a final session following these instructions and were interviewed about expressive writing and their perceptions of the stressor.ResultsKey outcomes were: re-evaluation and perspective changes, self development, stressor confrontation, problem solving, emotion management and, future uses of expressive writing.ConclusionsExpressive writing may be a technique that is useful for some athletes and recommendations for its application are made.
Keywords: Emotional disclosure, Reversal theory, Stress
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 6
Start Page: 798
End Page: 806