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Extreme behavioural shifts by baboons exploiting risky, resource-rich, human-modified environments

Gaelle Fehlmann, M. Justin O’Riain, Catherine Kerr-Smith, Stephen Hailes, Adrian Luckman Orcid Logo, Emily Shepard Orcid Logo, Andrew King Orcid Logo

Scientific Reports, Volume: 7, Issue: 1

Swansea University Authors: Gaelle Fehlmann, Adrian Luckman Orcid Logo, Emily Shepard Orcid Logo, Andrew King Orcid Logo

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Abstract

A range of species exploit anthropogenic food resources in behaviour known as ‘raiding’. Such behavioural flexibility is considered a central component of a species’ ability to cope with human-induced environmental changes. Here, we study the behavioural processes by which raiding male chacma baboon...

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Published in: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Published: Springer Science and Business Media LLC 2017
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa36674
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Abstract: A range of species exploit anthropogenic food resources in behaviour known as ‘raiding’. Such behavioural flexibility is considered a central component of a species’ ability to cope with human-induced environmental changes. Here, we study the behavioural processes by which raiding male chacma baboons (Papio ursinus) exploit the opportunities and mitigate the risks presented by raiding in the suburbs of Cape Town, South Africa. Ecological sampling and interviews conducted with ‘rangers’ (employed to manage the baboons’ space use) revealed that baboons are at risk of being herded out of urban spaces that contain high-energy anthropogenic food sources. Baboon-attached motion/GPS tracking collars showed that raiding male baboons spent almost all of their time at the urban edge, engaging in short, high-activity forays into the urban space. Moreover, activity levels were increased where the likelihood of deterrence by rangers was greater. Overall, these raiding baboons display a time-activity balance that is drastically altered in comparison to individuals living in more remote regions. We suggest our methods can be used to obtain precise estimates of management impact for this and other species in conflict with people.
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Issue: 1