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Hybrid nanowire ion-to-electron transducers for integrated bioelectronic circuitry(Conference Presentation)

Damon J. Carrad, Bernard Mostert Orcid Logo, Paul Meredith, Adam P. Micolich

Organic Sensors and Bioelectronics IX, Volume: 9944, Start page: 994408

Swansea University Author: Bernard Mostert Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1117/12.2238701

Abstract

A key task in bioelectronics is the transduction between ionic/protonic signals and electronic signals at high fidelity. This is a considerable challenge since the two carrier types exhibit intrinsically different physics. We present our work on a new class of organic-inorganic transducing interface...

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Published in: Organic Sensors and Bioelectronics IX
ISBN: 9781510602793 9781510602809
ISSN: 0277786X
Published: San Diego, California, United States SPIE 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa38496
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Abstract: A key task in bioelectronics is the transduction between ionic/protonic signals and electronic signals at high fidelity. This is a considerable challenge since the two carrier types exhibit intrinsically different physics. We present our work on a new class of organic-inorganic transducing interface utilising semiconducting InAs and GaAs nanowires directly gated with a proton transporting hygroscopic polymer consisting of undoped polyethylene oxide (PEO) patterned to nanoscale dimensions by a newly developed electron-beam lithography process [1]. Remarkably, we find our undoped PEO polymer electrolyte gate dielectric [2] gives equivalent electrical performance to the more traditionally used LiClO4-doped PEO [3], with an ionic conductivity three orders of magnitude higher than previously reported for undoped PEO [4]. The observed behaviour is consistent with proton conduction in PEO. We attribute our undoped PEO-based devices’ performance to the small external surface and high surface-to-volume ratio of both the nanowire conducting channel and patterned PEO dielectric in our devices, as well as the enhanced hydration afforded by device processing and atmospheric conditions. In addition to studying the basic transducing mechanisms, we also demonstrate high-fidelity ionic to electronic conversion of a.c. signals at frequencies up to 50 Hz. Moreover, by combining complementary n- and p-type transducers we demonstrate functional hybrid ionic-electronic circuits can achieve logic (NOT operation), and with some further engineering of the nanowire contacts, potentially also amplification. Our device structures have significant potential to be scaled towards realising integrated bioelectronic circuitry. [1] D.J. Carrad et al., Nano Letters 14, 94 (2014). [2] D.J. Carrad et al., Manuscript in preparation (2016). [3] S.H. Kim et al., Advanced Materials 25, 1822 (2013). [4] S.K. Fullerton-Shirey et al., Macromolecules 42, 2142 (2009).
Keywords: Nanowires, Integrated circuit design, Integrated circuits, Transducers, Dielectrics, Polymers, Indium arsenide
College: Faculty of Science and Engineering
Start Page: 994408