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The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future? / Holly, Greenwood

Understanding Wrongful Conviction: The protection of the innocent across Europe and America, Pages: 163 - 191

Swansea University Author: Holly, Greenwood

Abstract

This chapter drew on original empirical data to explore the state of ‘UK innocence movement’, which refers to the development and operation of innocence projects (hereafter IPs) across the UK. This was the first research to examine IPs in the UK and was funded by the Economic and Research Council. I...

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Published in: Understanding Wrongful Conviction: The protection of the innocent across Europe and America
ISBN: 978-88-13-35337-7
Published: Wolters Kluwer Italia Srl 2015
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa40034
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IPs originated in the United States and are typically university based clinics in which law students investigate claims of alleged miscarriages of justice. Approximately 38 IPs were established in the UK between 2004 and 2014; the rapid spread of such projects has led to this being referred to as the &amp;apos;UK innocence movement&amp;apos;. The combination of a trend towards clinical legal education in the UK and the rapidly increasing number of IPs suggested that the UK innocence movement was going from strength to strength. However, by 2014, after ten years in operation, IPs had only ever had three cases referred to the Court of Appeal and these were from only two universities; furthermore, in the summer of 2014, Michael Naughton announced he would be closing the Innocence Network UK (INUK) as a membership organisation for IPs. This marked the beginning of a period of instability and uncertainty for UK IPs as many relied on INUK to screen suitable cases, to provide training and to set national standards. This chapter was written in 2015, which was a critical time for the UK &#x2018;innocence movement&#x2019;. Drawing on 19 semi-structured interviews with leaders of IPs and other similar clinics, this chapter discusses the origins of the UK innocence movement, reflects on its position in 2015, and then considers the future landscape for IPs. This chapter discusses a number of problems that participants identified with the UK movement, including systemic challenges, difficulties within the network, and tensions within the IP model. It illustrates how despite a decline in the number of university IPs, there were many intending to continue; and that rather than seeing this as a period of decline, many participants saw this as a period of evolution. 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spelling 2018-08-23T12:36:28.8281171 v2 40034 2018-05-09 The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future? e305dd490b12881383f3a5fefa3a1e72 0000-0002-4485-6527 Holly Greenwood Holly Greenwood true false 2018-05-09 LAWD This chapter drew on original empirical data to explore the state of ‘UK innocence movement’, which refers to the development and operation of innocence projects (hereafter IPs) across the UK. This was the first research to examine IPs in the UK and was funded by the Economic and Research Council. IPs originated in the United States and are typically university based clinics in which law students investigate claims of alleged miscarriages of justice. Approximately 38 IPs were established in the UK between 2004 and 2014; the rapid spread of such projects has led to this being referred to as the &apos;UK innocence movement&apos;. The combination of a trend towards clinical legal education in the UK and the rapidly increasing number of IPs suggested that the UK innocence movement was going from strength to strength. However, by 2014, after ten years in operation, IPs had only ever had three cases referred to the Court of Appeal and these were from only two universities; furthermore, in the summer of 2014, Michael Naughton announced he would be closing the Innocence Network UK (INUK) as a membership organisation for IPs. This marked the beginning of a period of instability and uncertainty for UK IPs as many relied on INUK to screen suitable cases, to provide training and to set national standards. This chapter was written in 2015, which was a critical time for the UK ‘innocence movement’. Drawing on 19 semi-structured interviews with leaders of IPs and other similar clinics, this chapter discusses the origins of the UK innocence movement, reflects on its position in 2015, and then considers the future landscape for IPs. This chapter discusses a number of problems that participants identified with the UK movement, including systemic challenges, difficulties within the network, and tensions within the IP model. It illustrates how despite a decline in the number of university IPs, there were many intending to continue; and that rather than seeing this as a period of decline, many participants saw this as a period of evolution. This chapter concludes that the future might see a phasing out of the IP model, but this would be replaced with a new emerging model of university miscarriage of justice clinics. Book chapter Understanding Wrongful Conviction: The protection of the innocent across Europe and America 163 191 Wolters Kluwer Italia Srl 978-88-13-35337-7 innocence projects, UK innocence movement, miscarriages of justice, clinical legal education, criminal appeals 28 10 2015 2015-10-28 COLLEGE NANME Legal Studies COLLEGE CODE LAWD Swansea University 2018-08-23T12:36:28.8281171 2018-05-09T08:42:24.9733018 Hillary Rodham Clinton School of Law Legal Studies Holly Greenwood 0000-0002-4485-6527 1 0040034-09052018084328.docx TheUKinnocencemovementchapterfinal.docx 2018-05-09T08:43:28.1700000 Output 58909 application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document Accepted Manuscript true 2020-05-09T00:00:00.0000000 false eng 0040034-09052018102205.pdf TheUKinnocencemovementchapterfinal.pdf 2018-05-09T10:22:05.0970000 Output 359098 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2020-05-09T00:00:00.0000000 false eng
title The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future?
spellingShingle The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future?
Holly, Greenwood
title_short The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future?
title_full The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future?
title_fullStr The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future?
title_full_unstemmed The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future?
title_sort The UK Innocence Movement: Past, Present, and Future?
author_id_str_mv e305dd490b12881383f3a5fefa3a1e72
author_id_fullname_str_mv e305dd490b12881383f3a5fefa3a1e72_***_Holly, Greenwood
author Holly, Greenwood
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container_title Understanding Wrongful Conviction: The protection of the innocent across Europe and America
container_start_page 163
publishDate 2015
institution Swansea University
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publisher Wolters Kluwer Italia Srl
college_str Hillary Rodham Clinton School of Law
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hierarchy_top_title Hillary Rodham Clinton School of Law
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hierarchy_parent_title Hillary Rodham Clinton School of Law
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description This chapter drew on original empirical data to explore the state of ‘UK innocence movement’, which refers to the development and operation of innocence projects (hereafter IPs) across the UK. This was the first research to examine IPs in the UK and was funded by the Economic and Research Council. IPs originated in the United States and are typically university based clinics in which law students investigate claims of alleged miscarriages of justice. Approximately 38 IPs were established in the UK between 2004 and 2014; the rapid spread of such projects has led to this being referred to as the &apos;UK innocence movement&apos;. The combination of a trend towards clinical legal education in the UK and the rapidly increasing number of IPs suggested that the UK innocence movement was going from strength to strength. However, by 2014, after ten years in operation, IPs had only ever had three cases referred to the Court of Appeal and these were from only two universities; furthermore, in the summer of 2014, Michael Naughton announced he would be closing the Innocence Network UK (INUK) as a membership organisation for IPs. This marked the beginning of a period of instability and uncertainty for UK IPs as many relied on INUK to screen suitable cases, to provide training and to set national standards. This chapter was written in 2015, which was a critical time for the UK ‘innocence movement’. Drawing on 19 semi-structured interviews with leaders of IPs and other similar clinics, this chapter discusses the origins of the UK innocence movement, reflects on its position in 2015, and then considers the future landscape for IPs. This chapter discusses a number of problems that participants identified with the UK movement, including systemic challenges, difficulties within the network, and tensions within the IP model. It illustrates how despite a decline in the number of university IPs, there were many intending to continue; and that rather than seeing this as a period of decline, many participants saw this as a period of evolution. This chapter concludes that the future might see a phasing out of the IP model, but this would be replaced with a new emerging model of university miscarriage of justice clinics.
published_date 2015-10-28T03:54:52Z
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