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Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI

Menna Price Orcid Logo, Suzanne Higgs, Michelle Lee Orcid Logo

Appetite, Volume: 108, Pages: 156 - 160

Swansea University Authors: Menna Price Orcid Logo, Michelle Lee Orcid Logo

Abstract

Trait future time perspective measures the extent to which behaviour is dominated by a striving for future goals and rewards. Trait present time perspective measures orientation towards immediate pleasure. Previous research has explored the relationship between future and present time perspective an...

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Published in: Appetite
ISSN: 01956663
Published: Elsevier 2017
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa40097
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spelling 2020-09-09T08:30:40.1627783 v2 40097 2018-05-11 Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI e8d0f85a0d2762328c906c75b1d154b7 0000-0002-0025-0881 Menna Price Menna Price true false 503d8657d47c066ada31f344b030c352 0000-0002-1291-5895 Michelle Lee Michelle Lee true false 2018-05-11 HPS Trait future time perspective measures the extent to which behaviour is dominated by a striving for future goals and rewards. Trait present time perspective measures orientation towards immediate pleasure. Previous research has explored the relationship between future and present time perspective and BMI with mixed findings. In addition, the psychological mechanism underlying this relationship is unclear. Self-control is a likely candidate, as it has been related to both BMI and time perspective, but the relationship between all of these concepts has not been examined in a single study. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine if trait self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective (future and present) and BMI. Self-report time perspective (ZTPI), self-control (SCS) and height/weight data were collected using an online survey from a mixed student and community sample (N=218) with wide ranging age (mean 29, SD 11, range 18-73 years) and BMI (mean 24, SD 4, range 15-43). The results of a structural equation model including both facets of time perspective suggested that the traits are related yet distinct measures that independently predict BMI through changes in self-control. Bootstrap mediation analysis showed that self-control mediated the relationship between both future time perspective (95% CI, -.10 to -.02) and present time perspective (95% CI, .03 to .17), and BMI in opposite directions. Participants with higher future time perspective scores (higher present time perspective scores) had higher (lower) self-control, which predicted lower (higher) BMI. These results are consistent with previous research suggesting an important role for time perspective in health outcomes. Self-control likely mediates the relationship between temporal perspectives and BMI, suggesting that time perspective may be a target for individualised interventions. Journal Article Appetite 108 156 160 Elsevier 01956663 Time perspective; Self-control; BMI 31 1 2017 2017-01-31 10.1016/j.appet.2016.09.034 COLLEGE NANME Psychology COLLEGE CODE HPS Swansea University 2020-09-09T08:30:40.1627783 2018-05-11T11:01:25.9946247 Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences School of Psychology Menna Price 0000-0002-0025-0881 1 Suzanne Higgs 2 Michelle Lee 0000-0002-1291-5895 3 0040097-11052018110749.docx Price_M_Manuscriptv2.docx 2018-05-11T11:07:49.8670000 Output 76285 application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document Accepted Manuscript true 2018-10-12T00:00:00.0000000 true eng 40097__17515__f3deb74afbc34667953870c13eff6bab.pdf 40097.pdf 2020-06-17T17:08:38.0645128 Output 162139 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true true
title Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI
spellingShingle Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI
Menna Price
Michelle Lee
title_short Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI
title_full Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI
title_fullStr Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI
title_full_unstemmed Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI
title_sort Self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective and BMI
author_id_str_mv e8d0f85a0d2762328c906c75b1d154b7
503d8657d47c066ada31f344b030c352
author_id_fullname_str_mv e8d0f85a0d2762328c906c75b1d154b7_***_Menna Price
503d8657d47c066ada31f344b030c352_***_Michelle Lee
author Menna Price
Michelle Lee
author2 Menna Price
Suzanne Higgs
Michelle Lee
format Journal article
container_title Appetite
container_volume 108
container_start_page 156
publishDate 2017
institution Swansea University
issn 01956663
doi_str_mv 10.1016/j.appet.2016.09.034
publisher Elsevier
college_str Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id facultyofmedicinehealthandlifesciences
hierarchy_top_title Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id facultyofmedicinehealthandlifesciences
hierarchy_parent_title Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences
department_str School of Psychology{{{_:::_}}}Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences{{{_:::_}}}School of Psychology
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Trait future time perspective measures the extent to which behaviour is dominated by a striving for future goals and rewards. Trait present time perspective measures orientation towards immediate pleasure. Previous research has explored the relationship between future and present time perspective and BMI with mixed findings. In addition, the psychological mechanism underlying this relationship is unclear. Self-control is a likely candidate, as it has been related to both BMI and time perspective, but the relationship between all of these concepts has not been examined in a single study. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine if trait self-control mediates the relationship between time perspective (future and present) and BMI. Self-report time perspective (ZTPI), self-control (SCS) and height/weight data were collected using an online survey from a mixed student and community sample (N=218) with wide ranging age (mean 29, SD 11, range 18-73 years) and BMI (mean 24, SD 4, range 15-43). The results of a structural equation model including both facets of time perspective suggested that the traits are related yet distinct measures that independently predict BMI through changes in self-control. Bootstrap mediation analysis showed that self-control mediated the relationship between both future time perspective (95% CI, -.10 to -.02) and present time perspective (95% CI, .03 to .17), and BMI in opposite directions. Participants with higher future time perspective scores (higher present time perspective scores) had higher (lower) self-control, which predicted lower (higher) BMI. These results are consistent with previous research suggesting an important role for time perspective in health outcomes. Self-control likely mediates the relationship between temporal perspectives and BMI, suggesting that time perspective may be a target for individualised interventions.
published_date 2017-01-31T03:46:03Z
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