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The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales

Simon Hoffman Orcid Logo

The International Journal of Human Rights, Volume: 23, Issue: 3, Pages: 374 - 391

Swansea University Author: Simon Hoffman Orcid Logo

Abstract

Despite decentralisation and local control over policy being a ubiquitous feature of human rights governance globally, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child focuses primarily on the State as the locus for implementation of UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). State control and a reg...

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Published in: The International Journal of Human Rights
ISSN: 1364-2987 1744-053X
Published: Informa UK Limited 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa40504
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last_indexed 2020-07-09T19:00:55Z
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spelling 2020-07-09T15:44:02.3150923 v2 40504 2018-05-29 The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales 19ae33d1be74cf2551be71090a3717fb 0000-0003-2041-9776 Simon Hoffman Simon Hoffman true false 2018-05-29 LAWD Despite decentralisation and local control over policy being a ubiquitous feature of human rights governance globally, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child focuses primarily on the State as the locus for implementation of UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). State control and a regulative approach prioritising justiciability of the CRC at national level are the Committee’s dominant responses to decentralisation. This paper introduces the context of decentralisation, including the risks and potential gains for implementation of the CRC. It is contended that the regulative approach contemplated by the Committee may prove particularly challenging in the context of decentralisation. It is suggested that a normative approach, in which legislation is used to promote compliance through cultural acceptance of the CRC, and to support localisation of children and young people’s rights, may be better suited to the contours of decentralised governance. Taking the example of Wales, a devolved territory in the United Kingdom, it will be shown how a primarily normative approach to legal integration can help mainstream international norms in policy development, enhance accountability for rights, and provide opportunities for policy advocacy at a local level. The paper is a contribution to the literature on the instrumental value of legislation to support the realisation of human rights, applicable to decentralised systems of governance. Journal Article The International Journal of Human Rights 23 3 374 391 Informa UK Limited 1364-2987 1744-053X Decentralisation; devolution; human rights; children and young people; legal integration; UNCRC 16 3 2019 2019-03-16 10.1080/13642987.2018.1558978 COLLEGE NANME Law COLLEGE CODE LAWD Swansea University 2020-07-09T15:44:02.3150923 2018-05-29T14:56:47.0862824 Simon Hoffman 0000-0003-2041-9776 1 0040504-17012019160113.pdf 40504.pdf 2019-01-17T16:01:13.1230000 Output 176058 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2020-07-16T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales
spellingShingle The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales
Simon, Hoffman
title_short The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales
title_full The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales
title_fullStr The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales
title_full_unstemmed The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales
title_sort The UN convention on the rights of the child, decentralisation and legislative integration: a case study from Wales
author_id_str_mv 19ae33d1be74cf2551be71090a3717fb
author_id_fullname_str_mv 19ae33d1be74cf2551be71090a3717fb_***_Simon, Hoffman_***_0000-0003-2041-9776
author Simon, Hoffman
author2 Simon Hoffman
format Journal article
container_title The International Journal of Human Rights
container_volume 23
container_issue 3
container_start_page 374
publishDate 2019
institution Swansea University
issn 1364-2987
1744-053X
doi_str_mv 10.1080/13642987.2018.1558978
publisher Informa UK Limited
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description Despite decentralisation and local control over policy being a ubiquitous feature of human rights governance globally, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child focuses primarily on the State as the locus for implementation of UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). State control and a regulative approach prioritising justiciability of the CRC at national level are the Committee’s dominant responses to decentralisation. This paper introduces the context of decentralisation, including the risks and potential gains for implementation of the CRC. It is contended that the regulative approach contemplated by the Committee may prove particularly challenging in the context of decentralisation. It is suggested that a normative approach, in which legislation is used to promote compliance through cultural acceptance of the CRC, and to support localisation of children and young people’s rights, may be better suited to the contours of decentralised governance. Taking the example of Wales, a devolved territory in the United Kingdom, it will be shown how a primarily normative approach to legal integration can help mainstream international norms in policy development, enhance accountability for rights, and provide opportunities for policy advocacy at a local level. The paper is a contribution to the literature on the instrumental value of legislation to support the realisation of human rights, applicable to decentralised systems of governance.
published_date 2019-03-16T04:05:40Z
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