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Stabilization of molten salt materials using metal chlorides for solar thermal storage

T. O. Dunlop, D. J. Jarvis, W. E. Voice, J. H. Sullivan, James Sullivan Orcid Logo

Scientific Reports, Volume: 8, Issue: 1

Swansea University Author: James Sullivan Orcid Logo

Abstract

The effect of a variety of metal-chlorides additions on the melting behavior and thermal stability of commercially available salts was investigated. Ternary salts comprised of KNO3, NaNO2, and NaNO3 were produced with additions of a variety of chlorides (KCl, LiCl, CaCl2, ZnCl2, NaCl and MgCl2). The...

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Published in: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Published: 2018
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa40539
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Abstract: The effect of a variety of metal-chlorides additions on the melting behavior and thermal stability of commercially available salts was investigated. Ternary salts comprised of KNO3, NaNO2, and NaNO3 were produced with additions of a variety of chlorides (KCl, LiCl, CaCl2, ZnCl2, NaCl and MgCl2). Thermogravimetric analysis and weight loss experiments showed that the quaternary salt containing a 5 wt% addition of LiCl and KCl led to an increase in short term thermal stability compared to the ternary control salts. These additions allowed the salts to remain stable up to a temperature of 630 °C. Long term weight loss experiments showed an upper stability increase of 50 °C. A 5 wt% LiCl addition resulted in a weight loss of only 25% after 30 hours in comparison to a 61% loss for control ternary salts. Calorimetry showed that LiCl additions allow partial melting at 80 °C, in comparison to the 142 °C of ternary salts. This drop in melting point, combined with increased stability, provided a molten working range increase of almost 100 °C in total, in comparison to the control ternary salts. XRD analysis showed the oxidation effect of decomposing salts and the additional phase created with LiCl additions to allow melting point changes to occur.
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 1