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A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster / Amy, Romijn

Psychiatry Research

Swansea University Author: Amy, Romijn

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DOI (Published version): j.psychres.2015.05.080

Abstract

After devastating flooding in southern Alberta in June 2013, we attempted to replicate a New Zealand randomised trial that showed that micronutrient (minerals, vitamins) consumption after the earthquakes of 2010-11 resulted in improved mental health. Residents of southern Alberta were invited to par...

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Published in: Psychiatry Research
Published: 2015
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa40737
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first_indexed 2018-06-18T13:33:31Z
last_indexed 2018-06-18T13:33:31Z
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spelling 2018-06-18T12:14:02.5520967 v2 40737 2018-06-18 A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster e360b00b12b720c52e38c94a539e6555 0000-0001-5014-1539 Amy Romijn Amy Romijn true false 2018-06-18 HPS After devastating flooding in southern Alberta in June 2013, we attempted to replicate a New Zealand randomised trial that showed that micronutrient (minerals, vitamins) consumption after the earthquakes of 2010-11 resulted in improved mental health. Residents of southern Alberta were invited to participate in a study on the potential benefit of nutrient supplements following a natural disaster. Fifty-six adults aged 23-66 were randomised to receive a single nutrient (vitamin D, n=17), a few-nutrients formula (B-Complex, n=21), or a broad-spectrum mineral/vitamin formula (BSMV, n=18). Self-reported changes in depression, anxiety and stress were monitored for six weeks. Although all groups showed substantial decreases on all measures, those consuming the B-Complex and the BSMV formulas showed significantly greater improvement in stress and anxiety compared with those consuming the single nutrient, with large effect sizes (Cohen's d range 0.76-1.08). There were no group differences between those consuming the B-Complex and BSMV. The use of nutrient formulas with multiple minerals and/or vitamins to minimise stress associated with natural disasters is now supported by three studies. Further research should be carried out to evaluate the potential population benefit that might accrue if such formulas were distributed as a post-disaster public health measure. Journal Article Psychiatry Research Psychological distress, nurtition, nutritents, randomised trial, natural disaster, flood 1 6 2015 2015-06-01 j.psychres.2015.05.080 COLLEGE NANME Psychology COLLEGE CODE HPS Swansea University 2018-06-18T12:14:02.5520967 2018-06-18T12:14:02.5676956 College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology Amy Romijn 0000-0001-5014-1539 1
title A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster
spellingShingle A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster
Amy, Romijn
title_short A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster
title_full A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster
title_fullStr A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster
title_full_unstemmed A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster
title_sort A randomised trial of nutrient supplements to minimise psychological stress after a natural disaster
author_id_str_mv e360b00b12b720c52e38c94a539e6555
author_id_fullname_str_mv e360b00b12b720c52e38c94a539e6555_***_Amy, Romijn
author Amy, Romijn
format Journal article
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institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv j.psychres.2015.05.080
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hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Psychology{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Psychology
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description After devastating flooding in southern Alberta in June 2013, we attempted to replicate a New Zealand randomised trial that showed that micronutrient (minerals, vitamins) consumption after the earthquakes of 2010-11 resulted in improved mental health. Residents of southern Alberta were invited to participate in a study on the potential benefit of nutrient supplements following a natural disaster. Fifty-six adults aged 23-66 were randomised to receive a single nutrient (vitamin D, n=17), a few-nutrients formula (B-Complex, n=21), or a broad-spectrum mineral/vitamin formula (BSMV, n=18). Self-reported changes in depression, anxiety and stress were monitored for six weeks. Although all groups showed substantial decreases on all measures, those consuming the B-Complex and the BSMV formulas showed significantly greater improvement in stress and anxiety compared with those consuming the single nutrient, with large effect sizes (Cohen's d range 0.76-1.08). There were no group differences between those consuming the B-Complex and BSMV. The use of nutrient formulas with multiple minerals and/or vitamins to minimise stress associated with natural disasters is now supported by three studies. Further research should be carried out to evaluate the potential population benefit that might accrue if such formulas were distributed as a post-disaster public health measure.
published_date 2015-06-01T04:00:22Z
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