No Cover Image

E-Thesis 72 views 16 downloads

Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices. / Mathew Paul Ackland

Swansea University Author: Mathew Paul, Ackland

Abstract

A near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) has been modified to perform near-field photocurrent imaging via the development and implementation of a two- stage amplification/detection scheme. The near-field photocurrent imaging capability has been employed along with simultaneous topographic ima...

Full description

Published: 2005
Institution: Swansea University
Degree level: Doctoral
Degree name: Ph.D
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa42382
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!
first_indexed 2018-08-02T18:54:34Z
last_indexed 2018-08-03T10:10:00Z
id cronfa42382
recordtype RisThesis
fullrecord <?xml version="1.0"?><rfc1807><datestamp>2018-08-02T16:24:29.0413813</datestamp><bib-version>v2</bib-version><id>42382</id><entry>2018-08-02</entry><title>Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.</title><swanseaauthors><author><sid>69ee70b9b463640c6f5e485587404c76</sid><ORCID>NULL</ORCID><firstname>Mathew Paul</firstname><surname>Ackland</surname><name>Mathew Paul Ackland</name><active>true</active><ethesisStudent>true</ethesisStudent></author></swanseaauthors><date>2018-08-02</date><abstract>A near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) has been modified to perform near-field photocurrent imaging via the development and implementation of a two- stage amplification/detection scheme. The near-field photocurrent imaging capability has been employed along with simultaneous topographic image acquisition in the analysis of the buried Schottky interface of nickel-silicon carbide (Ni-SiC) Schottky contacts. Silicon carbide is stable at high temperatures and operating powers and thus could fulfil a wide range of potential applications, however in order to implement SiC devices in such applications stable metal contacts are a necessity and remain a field requiring optimisation. Near-field photocurrent imaging has directly imaged the buried interface properties and lateral variations in the Schottky barrier energy on the nanoscale, which have been related to the macroscopic electrical characteristics of the Schottky contact. The Schottky barrier energy has been increased by 0.155eV via annealing at 500&amp;deg;C, this resulted in an increase in the lateral variation in barrier properties, as reflected in the ideality factor increase of 0.3, and similarly recorded by near-field photocurrent imaging. Near-field photocurrent imaging has also been applied in the characterisation of quantum well laser devices, and powerfully combined with the complementary optical collection and topographic imaging modes. The photocurrent imaging mode probes the electronic device characteristics, whilst near-field collection imaging characterises the optical output of operating laser devices, the two independent imaging modes are correlated by the simultaneous surface topographies. GaInP/AlGaInP based quantum well lasers have been used in the study of the effectiveness of multi-quantum barrier (MQB) reflectors in enhancing the electronic carrier confinement of the quantum well active region, and thus in increasing the operational efficiency of such devices. Collection imaging has proved that the incorporation of MQB's does not impair the devices optical characteristics, whilst near-field photocurrents have sensed the location of the MQB's and detected improvements in the electronic carrier confinement. The NSOM has also been employed in the characterisation of InGaAsP/InP buried heterostructure multiquantum well lasers, imaging the active region and surrounding current blocking structure at high resolution. Photocurrent imaging has mapped the location and extent of the pn-junctions that form the current blocking structure, and aided the identification of probable current leakage paths through the structure. Collection imaging has characterised the highly confined optical output of such devices and located electroluminescence external to the active region, again aiding the identification of current leakage pathways. These imaging modes are complemented by simultaneous topographic images displaying unprecedented sensitivity to the active region and sample structure.</abstract><type>E-Thesis</type><journal/><journalNumber></journalNumber><paginationStart/><paginationEnd/><publisher/><placeOfPublication/><isbnPrint/><issnPrint/><issnElectronic/><keywords>Condensed matter physics.;Electromagnetics.</keywords><publishedDay>31</publishedDay><publishedMonth>12</publishedMonth><publishedYear>2005</publishedYear><publishedDate>2005-12-31</publishedDate><doi/><url/><notes/><college>COLLEGE NANME</college><department>Physics</department><CollegeCode>COLLEGE CODE</CollegeCode><institution>Swansea University</institution><degreelevel>Doctoral</degreelevel><degreename>Ph.D</degreename><apcterm/><lastEdited>2018-08-02T16:24:29.0413813</lastEdited><Created>2018-08-02T16:24:29.0413813</Created><path><level id="1">College of Science</level><level id="2">Physics</level></path><authors><author><firstname>Mathew Paul</firstname><surname>Ackland</surname><orcid>NULL</orcid><order>1</order></author></authors><documents><document><filename>0042382-02082018162450.pdf</filename><originalFilename>10798090.pdf</originalFilename><uploaded>2018-08-02T16:24:50.0230000</uploaded><type>Output</type><contentLength>16588787</contentLength><contentType>application/pdf</contentType><version>E-Thesis</version><cronfaStatus>true</cronfaStatus><action/><embargoDate>2018-08-02T16:24:50.0230000</embargoDate><copyrightCorrect>false</copyrightCorrect></document></documents><OutputDurs/></rfc1807>
spelling 2018-08-02T16:24:29.0413813 v2 42382 2018-08-02 Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices. 69ee70b9b463640c6f5e485587404c76 NULL Mathew Paul Ackland Mathew Paul Ackland true true 2018-08-02 A near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) has been modified to perform near-field photocurrent imaging via the development and implementation of a two- stage amplification/detection scheme. The near-field photocurrent imaging capability has been employed along with simultaneous topographic image acquisition in the analysis of the buried Schottky interface of nickel-silicon carbide (Ni-SiC) Schottky contacts. Silicon carbide is stable at high temperatures and operating powers and thus could fulfil a wide range of potential applications, however in order to implement SiC devices in such applications stable metal contacts are a necessity and remain a field requiring optimisation. Near-field photocurrent imaging has directly imaged the buried interface properties and lateral variations in the Schottky barrier energy on the nanoscale, which have been related to the macroscopic electrical characteristics of the Schottky contact. The Schottky barrier energy has been increased by 0.155eV via annealing at 500&deg;C, this resulted in an increase in the lateral variation in barrier properties, as reflected in the ideality factor increase of 0.3, and similarly recorded by near-field photocurrent imaging. Near-field photocurrent imaging has also been applied in the characterisation of quantum well laser devices, and powerfully combined with the complementary optical collection and topographic imaging modes. The photocurrent imaging mode probes the electronic device characteristics, whilst near-field collection imaging characterises the optical output of operating laser devices, the two independent imaging modes are correlated by the simultaneous surface topographies. GaInP/AlGaInP based quantum well lasers have been used in the study of the effectiveness of multi-quantum barrier (MQB) reflectors in enhancing the electronic carrier confinement of the quantum well active region, and thus in increasing the operational efficiency of such devices. Collection imaging has proved that the incorporation of MQB's does not impair the devices optical characteristics, whilst near-field photocurrents have sensed the location of the MQB's and detected improvements in the electronic carrier confinement. The NSOM has also been employed in the characterisation of InGaAsP/InP buried heterostructure multiquantum well lasers, imaging the active region and surrounding current blocking structure at high resolution. Photocurrent imaging has mapped the location and extent of the pn-junctions that form the current blocking structure, and aided the identification of probable current leakage paths through the structure. Collection imaging has characterised the highly confined optical output of such devices and located electroluminescence external to the active region, again aiding the identification of current leakage pathways. These imaging modes are complemented by simultaneous topographic images displaying unprecedented sensitivity to the active region and sample structure. E-Thesis Condensed matter physics.;Electromagnetics. 31 12 2005 2005-12-31 COLLEGE NANME Physics COLLEGE CODE Swansea University Doctoral Ph.D 2018-08-02T16:24:29.0413813 2018-08-02T16:24:29.0413813 College of Science Physics Mathew Paul Ackland NULL 1 0042382-02082018162450.pdf 10798090.pdf 2018-08-02T16:24:50.0230000 Output 16588787 application/pdf E-Thesis true 2018-08-02T16:24:50.0230000 false
title Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.
spellingShingle Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.
Mathew Paul, Ackland
title_short Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.
title_full Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.
title_fullStr Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.
title_full_unstemmed Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.
title_sort Near-field photocurrent characterisation of semiconductor devices.
author_id_str_mv 69ee70b9b463640c6f5e485587404c76
author_id_fullname_str_mv 69ee70b9b463640c6f5e485587404c76_***_Mathew Paul, Ackland
author Mathew Paul, Ackland
author2 Mathew Paul Ackland
format E-Thesis
publishDate 2005
institution Swansea University
college_str College of Science
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_top_title College of Science
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_parent_title College of Science
department_str Physics{{{_:::_}}}College of Science{{{_:::_}}}Physics
document_store_str 1
active_str 0
description A near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) has been modified to perform near-field photocurrent imaging via the development and implementation of a two- stage amplification/detection scheme. The near-field photocurrent imaging capability has been employed along with simultaneous topographic image acquisition in the analysis of the buried Schottky interface of nickel-silicon carbide (Ni-SiC) Schottky contacts. Silicon carbide is stable at high temperatures and operating powers and thus could fulfil a wide range of potential applications, however in order to implement SiC devices in such applications stable metal contacts are a necessity and remain a field requiring optimisation. Near-field photocurrent imaging has directly imaged the buried interface properties and lateral variations in the Schottky barrier energy on the nanoscale, which have been related to the macroscopic electrical characteristics of the Schottky contact. The Schottky barrier energy has been increased by 0.155eV via annealing at 500&deg;C, this resulted in an increase in the lateral variation in barrier properties, as reflected in the ideality factor increase of 0.3, and similarly recorded by near-field photocurrent imaging. Near-field photocurrent imaging has also been applied in the characterisation of quantum well laser devices, and powerfully combined with the complementary optical collection and topographic imaging modes. The photocurrent imaging mode probes the electronic device characteristics, whilst near-field collection imaging characterises the optical output of operating laser devices, the two independent imaging modes are correlated by the simultaneous surface topographies. GaInP/AlGaInP based quantum well lasers have been used in the study of the effectiveness of multi-quantum barrier (MQB) reflectors in enhancing the electronic carrier confinement of the quantum well active region, and thus in increasing the operational efficiency of such devices. Collection imaging has proved that the incorporation of MQB's does not impair the devices optical characteristics, whilst near-field photocurrents have sensed the location of the MQB's and detected improvements in the electronic carrier confinement. The NSOM has also been employed in the characterisation of InGaAsP/InP buried heterostructure multiquantum well lasers, imaging the active region and surrounding current blocking structure at high resolution. Photocurrent imaging has mapped the location and extent of the pn-junctions that form the current blocking structure, and aided the identification of probable current leakage paths through the structure. Collection imaging has characterised the highly confined optical output of such devices and located electroluminescence external to the active region, again aiding the identification of current leakage pathways. These imaging modes are complemented by simultaneous topographic images displaying unprecedented sensitivity to the active region and sample structure.
published_date 2005-12-31T04:02:32Z
_version_ 1714106089336733696
score 10.83046