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Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use / Peter Cooper; Tom Crick; Theo Tryfonas; George Oikonomou

Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, Pages: 1 - 7

Swansea University Author: Crick, Tom

DOI (Published version): 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414033

Abstract

In this paper we apply a whole-life assessment approach to estimate the environmental impact of the use of ICT of an individual within the UK over a one-year period. By estimating the energy and data consumption of an average user's use of a typical device, and estimating the associated energy...

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Published in: Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops
Published: San Diego, USA IEEE 2015
Online Access: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7414033/
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa43387
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spelling 2018-10-15T14:27:15Z v2 43387 2018-08-14 Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use Tom Crick Tom Crick true 0000-0001-5196-9389 false 200c66ef0fc55391f736f6e926fb4b99 9971fd6d74987b78a0d7fce128f8c721 z93Ri4T5hwMLTfh+6XG11n2HZhUyFASdV1DFdgIIhKs= 2018-08-14 EDUC In this paper we apply a whole-life assessment approach to estimate the environmental impact of the use of ICT of an individual within the UK over a one-year period. By estimating the energy and data consumption of an average user's use of a typical device, and estimating the associated energy usage (and thus CO2 produced) of each stage in the data chain, we are able to calculate the summed CO2 value for embodied carbon of an average device. Overall, device energy is seen to dominate; within device, desktops dominate, both due to their high energy use for a given task, but also their high standby power, which is the most significant point of behaviour-driven waste. Geographical, behavioural and chronological factors are all evaluated to be highly significant to the impact of a user's ICT use, along with a number of secondary factors. Finally, we present policy recommendations to further the understanding of the factors affecting the environmental impact of ICT, particularly focusing on sustainability, resource efficiency and the social implications of ICT in a low-carbon transformation. Conference contribution Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops 1 7 IEEE San Diego, USA 6 12 2015 2015-12-06 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414033 https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7414033/ IEEE International Workshop on Green Standardizations for ICT and Relevant Technologies (GSICT 2015) College of Arts and Humanities School of Education CAAH EDUC None 2018-10-15T14:27:15Z 2018-08-14T15:45:01Z College of Science Computer Science Peter Cooper 1 Tom Crick 0000-0001-5196-9389 2 Theo Tryfonas 3 George Oikonomou 4 0043387-11092018002325.pdf gsict2015_camera_ready_15700184661.pdf 2018-09-11T00:23:25Z Output 657770 application/pdf AM true Updated Copyright 15/10/2018 2018-09-11T00:00:00 true eng
title Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
spellingShingle Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
Crick, Tom
title_short Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_full Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_fullStr Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_full_unstemmed Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_sort Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
author_id_str_mv 200c66ef0fc55391f736f6e926fb4b99
author_id_fullname_str_mv 200c66ef0fc55391f736f6e926fb4b99_***_Crick, Tom
author Crick, Tom
author2 Peter Cooper
Tom Crick
Theo Tryfonas
George Oikonomou
format Conference contribution
container_title Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops
container_start_page 1
publishDate 2015
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414033
publisher IEEE
college_str College of Science
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hierarchy_top_title College of Science
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_parent_title College of Science
department_str Computer Science{{{_:::_}}}College of Science{{{_:::_}}}Computer Science
url https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7414033/
document_store_str 1
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description In this paper we apply a whole-life assessment approach to estimate the environmental impact of the use of ICT of an individual within the UK over a one-year period. By estimating the energy and data consumption of an average user's use of a typical device, and estimating the associated energy usage (and thus CO2 produced) of each stage in the data chain, we are able to calculate the summed CO2 value for embodied carbon of an average device. Overall, device energy is seen to dominate; within device, desktops dominate, both due to their high energy use for a given task, but also their high standby power, which is the most significant point of behaviour-driven waste. Geographical, behavioural and chronological factors are all evaluated to be highly significant to the impact of a user's ICT use, along with a number of secondary factors. Finally, we present policy recommendations to further the understanding of the factors affecting the environmental impact of ICT, particularly focusing on sustainability, resource efficiency and the social implications of ICT in a low-carbon transformation.
published_date 2015-12-06T21:09:47Z
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