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Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract 126 views 27 downloads

Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use / Tom, Crick

Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, Pages: 1 - 7

Swansea University Author: Tom, Crick

DOI (Published version): 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414033

Abstract

In this paper we apply a whole-life assessment approach to estimate the environmental impact of the use of ICT of an individual within the UK over a one-year period. By estimating the energy and data consumption of an average user's use of a typical device, and estimating the associated ene...

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Published in: Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops
Published: San Diego, USA IEEE 2015
Online Access: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7414033/
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa43387
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first_indexed 2018-08-14T15:01:05Z
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spelling 2018-10-15T14:27:15.6303817 v2 43387 2018-08-14 Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use 200c66ef0fc55391f736f6e926fb4b99 0000-0001-5196-9389 Tom Crick Tom Crick true false 2018-08-14 EDUC In this paper we apply a whole-life assessment approach to estimate the environmental impact of the use of ICT of an individual within the UK over a one-year period. By estimating the energy and data consumption of an average user&apos;s use of a typical device, and estimating the associated energy usage (and thus CO2 produced) of each stage in the data chain, we are able to calculate the summed CO2 value for embodied carbon of an average device. Overall, device energy is seen to dominate; within device, desktops dominate, both due to their high energy use for a given task, but also their high standby power, which is the most significant point of behaviour-driven waste. Geographical, behavioural and chronological factors are all evaluated to be highly significant to the impact of a user&apos;s ICT use, along with a number of secondary factors. Finally, we present policy recommendations to further the understanding of the factors affecting the environmental impact of ICT, particularly focusing on sustainability, resource efficiency and the social implications of ICT in a low-carbon transformation. Conference Paper/Proceeding/Abstract Proceedings of the 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops 1 7 IEEE San Diego, USA 6 12 2015 2015-12-06 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414033 https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7414033/ IEEE International Workshop on Green Standardizations for ICT and Relevant Technologies (GSICT 2015) COLLEGE NANME School of Education COLLEGE CODE EDUC Swansea University 2018-10-15T14:27:15.6303817 2018-08-14T15:45:01.7162843 College of Science Computer Science Peter Cooper 1 Tom Crick 0000-0001-5196-9389 2 Theo Tryfonas 3 George Oikonomou 4 0043387-11092018002325.pdf gsict2015_camera_ready_15700184661.pdf 2018-09-11T00:23:25.0200000 Output 657770 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2018-09-11T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
spellingShingle Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
Tom, Crick
title_short Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_full Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_fullStr Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_full_unstemmed Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
title_sort Whole-Life Environmental Impacts of ICT Use
author_id_str_mv 200c66ef0fc55391f736f6e926fb4b99
author_id_fullname_str_mv 200c66ef0fc55391f736f6e926fb4b99_***_Tom, Crick
author Tom, Crick
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url https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7414033/
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description In this paper we apply a whole-life assessment approach to estimate the environmental impact of the use of ICT of an individual within the UK over a one-year period. By estimating the energy and data consumption of an average user&apos;s use of a typical device, and estimating the associated energy usage (and thus CO2 produced) of each stage in the data chain, we are able to calculate the summed CO2 value for embodied carbon of an average device. Overall, device energy is seen to dominate; within device, desktops dominate, both due to their high energy use for a given task, but also their high standby power, which is the most significant point of behaviour-driven waste. Geographical, behavioural and chronological factors are all evaluated to be highly significant to the impact of a user&apos;s ICT use, along with a number of secondary factors. Finally, we present policy recommendations to further the understanding of the factors affecting the environmental impact of ICT, particularly focusing on sustainability, resource efficiency and the social implications of ICT in a low-carbon transformation.
published_date 2015-12-06T03:59:17Z
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