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Developing Modified Graphene Oxide Based Sensor for Lead Ions Detection in Water

Xiaozhou Wang, Baoping Jia, Wei Zhang Orcid Logo, Bencai Lin, Qiuze Wang, Jianning Ding

ChemistrySelect, Volume: 1, Issue: 8, Pages: 1751 - 1755

Swansea University Author: Wei Zhang Orcid Logo

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DOI (Published version): 10.1002/slct.201600376

Abstract

Blade coating method was employed to fabricate the pure graphene oxide sensors, whose sensitivity turned out to be about 10−9 M for detection of lead ions (Pb2+). To improve its ability to detect Pb2+ at much lower concentration, modification with 50–200 nm Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) was performed on...

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Published in: ChemistrySelect
ISSN: 2365-6549
Published: Wiley 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa44282
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Abstract: Blade coating method was employed to fabricate the pure graphene oxide sensors, whose sensitivity turned out to be about 10−9 M for detection of lead ions (Pb2+). To improve its ability to detect Pb2+ at much lower concentration, modification with 50–200 nm Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) was performed on graphene oxide based on the fact that Pb2+ could accelerate the leaching rate of AuNPs on the surface of graphene by S2O32− and 2‐mercaptoethanel (2‐ME), leading to the sensitivity improved over 2 order magnitude, as well as excellent selectivity toward lead ions over a wide range of other metal ions. The approach and findings presented in this paper could also be extended to the fabrication of other heavy metal ions sensors and the improvement of their performances.
Keywords: graphene oxide, lead ion, nanoparticles, sensor, water
College: College of Engineering
Issue: 8
Start Page: 1751
End Page: 1755