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Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review

Baoping Jia, Wei Zhang Orcid Logo

Nanoscale Research Letters, Volume: 11, Issue: 1

Swansea University Author: Wei Zhang Orcid Logo

Abstract

As a promising desalination technology, capacitive deionization (CDI) have shown practicality and cost-effectiveness in brackish water treatment. Developing more efficient electrode materials is the key to improving salt removal performance. This work reviewed current progress on electrode fabricati...

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Published in: Nanoscale Research Letters
ISSN: 1931-7573 1556-276X
Published: 2016
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa44283
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last_indexed 2018-11-26T14:19:27Z
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spelling 2018-11-26T11:17:25.8370488 v2 44283 2018-09-18 Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review 3ddabbb54b2cfa2ea10f590ea7da6520 0000-0003-3129-2918 Wei Zhang Wei Zhang true false 2018-09-18 CHEG As a promising desalination technology, capacitive deionization (CDI) have shown practicality and cost-effectiveness in brackish water treatment. Developing more efficient electrode materials is the key to improving salt removal performance. This work reviewed current progress on electrode fabrication in application of CDI. Fundamental principal (e.g. EDL theory and adsorption isotherms) and process factors (e.g. pore distribution, potential, salt type and concentration) of CDI performance were presented first. It was then followed by in-depth discussion and comparison on properties and fabrication technique of different electrodes, including carbon aerogel, activated carbon, carbon nanotubes, graphene and ordered mesoporous carbon. Finally, polyaniline as conductive polymer and its potential application as CDI electrode-enhancing materials were also discussed. Journal Article Nanoscale Research Letters 11 1 1931-7573 1556-276X Capacitive deionization, Electrode, Review, Desalination, Water treatment 31 12 2016 2016-12-31 10.1186/s11671-016-1284-1 COLLEGE NANME Chemical Engineering COLLEGE CODE CHEG Swansea University 2018-11-26T11:17:25.8370488 2018-09-18T12:15:13.3840970 College of Engineering Engineering Baoping Jia 1 Wei Zhang 0000-0003-3129-2918 2 0044283-08102018154741.pdf jia2016.pdf 2018-10-08T15:47:41.0370000 Output 3055292 application/pdf Version of Record true 2018-10-08T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review
spellingShingle Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review
Wei Zhang
title_short Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review
title_full Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review
title_fullStr Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review
title_full_unstemmed Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review
title_sort Preparation and Application of Electrodes in Capacitive Deionization (CDI): a State-of-Art Review
author_id_str_mv 3ddabbb54b2cfa2ea10f590ea7da6520
author_id_fullname_str_mv 3ddabbb54b2cfa2ea10f590ea7da6520_***_Wei Zhang
author Wei Zhang
author2 Baoping Jia
Wei Zhang
format Journal article
container_title Nanoscale Research Letters
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publishDate 2016
institution Swansea University
issn 1931-7573
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college_str College of Engineering
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hierarchy_parent_title College of Engineering
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description As a promising desalination technology, capacitive deionization (CDI) have shown practicality and cost-effectiveness in brackish water treatment. Developing more efficient electrode materials is the key to improving salt removal performance. This work reviewed current progress on electrode fabrication in application of CDI. Fundamental principal (e.g. EDL theory and adsorption isotherms) and process factors (e.g. pore distribution, potential, salt type and concentration) of CDI performance were presented first. It was then followed by in-depth discussion and comparison on properties and fabrication technique of different electrodes, including carbon aerogel, activated carbon, carbon nanotubes, graphene and ordered mesoporous carbon. Finally, polyaniline as conductive polymer and its potential application as CDI electrode-enhancing materials were also discussed.
published_date 2016-12-31T03:58:16Z
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