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Solidification of Aluminium Alloys Under Ultrasonication: An Overview / H. R. Kotadia, M. Qian, A. Das, Amit Das

Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, Volume: 71, Issue: 11, Pages: 2681 - 2686

Swansea University Author: Amit Das

Abstract

An overview of our investigations on solidification microstructure formation under ultrasonication in various Al alloys and comparison against unrefined or chemically modified microstructures under identical cooling conditions is presented. Primary α-Al grains show significant refinement under ultra...

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Published in: Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals
ISSN: 0972-2815 0975-1645
Published: 2018
Online Access: Check full text

URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa44754
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Abstract: An overview of our investigations on solidification microstructure formation under ultrasonication in various Al alloys and comparison against unrefined or chemically modified microstructures under identical cooling conditions is presented. Primary α-Al grains show significant refinement under ultrasonication, even better than established chemical inoculation, in the small ingots investigated. Increased solute content appears to promote grain refining efficiency under ultrasonication. Regular lamellar eutectic in Al–33 wt%Cu was observed to degenerate into rounded particle morphology and the irregular eutectic of long Si plates in Al–11 wt%Si were spheroidised into compact form near the ultrasound radiator. Grain refinement under ultrasonication appears to originate from enhanced heterogeneous nucleation under cavitation showing distinct reduction in nucleation undercooling. Eutectic modification, on the other hand, appears to originate from coarsening as the strong fluid flow created under cavitation disturbs the thin diffusion boundary layer ahead of the eutectic growth front.
Keywords: Ultrasound, Cavitation, Solidification, Grain refinement, Microstructure, Al alloys
Issue: 11
Start Page: 2681
End Page: 2686