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Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria

Bethan Kultschar, Carole Llewellyn

Secondary Metabolites, Pages: 23 - 36

Swansea University Author: Carole Llewellyn

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DOI (Published version): 10.5772/intechopen.75648

Abstract

Cyanobacteria are a diverse group of photosynthetic bacteria found in marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats. Secondary metabolites are produced by cyanobacteria enabling them to survive in a wide range of environments including those which are extreme. Often production of secondary metabolites...

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Published in: Secondary Metabolites
Published: London IntechOpen 2018
Online Access: https://www.intechopen.com/books/secondary-metabolites-sources-and-applications/secondary-metabolites-in-cyanobacteria
URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa44844
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spelling 2018-10-10T20:50:19.2866918 v2 44844 2018-10-10 Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria bcd94bda79ebf4c2c82d82dfb027a140 Carole Llewellyn Carole Llewellyn true false 2018-10-10 SBI Cyanobacteria are a diverse group of photosynthetic bacteria found in marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats. Secondary metabolites are produced by cyanobacteria enabling them to survive in a wide range of environments including those which are extreme. Often production of secondary metabolites is enhanced in response to abiotic or biotic stress factors. The structural diversity of secondary metabolites in cyanobacteria ranges from low molecular weight, for example, with the photoprotective mycosporine-like amino acids to more complex molecular structures found, for example, with cyanotoxins. Here a short overview on the main groups of secondary metabolites according to chemical structure and according to functionality. Secondary metabolites are introduced covering non-ribosomal peptides, polyketides, ribosomal peptides, alkaloids and isoprenoids. Functionality covers production of cyanotoxins, photoprotection and antioxidant activity. We conclude with a short introduction on how secondary metabolites from cyanobacteria are increasingly being sought by industry including their value for the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries. Book chapter Secondary Metabolites 23 36 IntechOpen London cyanobacteria, metabolites, biotechnology, mycosporine-amino acids, isoprenoids, phycobiliproteins 5 9 2018 2018-09-05 10.5772/intechopen.75648 https://www.intechopen.com/books/secondary-metabolites-sources-and-applications/secondary-metabolites-in-cyanobacteria COLLEGE NANME Biosciences COLLEGE CODE SBI Swansea University BBSRC 2018-10-10T20:50:19.2866918 2018-10-10T20:49:11.3851289 College of Science Biosciences Bethan Kultschar 1 Carole Llewellyn 2
title Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria
spellingShingle Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria
Carole, Llewellyn
title_short Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria
title_full Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria
title_fullStr Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria
title_full_unstemmed Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria
title_sort Secondary Metabolites in Cyanobacteria
author_id_str_mv bcd94bda79ebf4c2c82d82dfb027a140
author_id_fullname_str_mv bcd94bda79ebf4c2c82d82dfb027a140_***_Carole, Llewellyn_***_
author Carole, Llewellyn
author2 Bethan Kultschar
Carole Llewellyn
format Book chapter
container_title Secondary Metabolites
container_start_page 23
publishDate 2018
institution Swansea University
doi_str_mv 10.5772/intechopen.75648
publisher IntechOpen
college_str College of Science
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hierarchy_top_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_top_title College of Science
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofscience
hierarchy_parent_title College of Science
department_str Biosciences{{{_:::_}}}College of Science{{{_:::_}}}Biosciences
url https://www.intechopen.com/books/secondary-metabolites-sources-and-applications/secondary-metabolites-in-cyanobacteria
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description Cyanobacteria are a diverse group of photosynthetic bacteria found in marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats. Secondary metabolites are produced by cyanobacteria enabling them to survive in a wide range of environments including those which are extreme. Often production of secondary metabolites is enhanced in response to abiotic or biotic stress factors. The structural diversity of secondary metabolites in cyanobacteria ranges from low molecular weight, for example, with the photoprotective mycosporine-like amino acids to more complex molecular structures found, for example, with cyanotoxins. Here a short overview on the main groups of secondary metabolites according to chemical structure and according to functionality. Secondary metabolites are introduced covering non-ribosomal peptides, polyketides, ribosomal peptides, alkaloids and isoprenoids. Functionality covers production of cyanotoxins, photoprotection and antioxidant activity. We conclude with a short introduction on how secondary metabolites from cyanobacteria are increasingly being sought by industry including their value for the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.
published_date 2018-09-05T04:09:46Z
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