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Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury / Claire, Williams

Brain Injury, Volume: 33, Issue: 1, Pages: 69 - 77

Swansea University Author: Claire, Williams

Abstract

Aggressive behavior is a frequent legacy of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study explores the question of how alexithymia, which is associated with deficits in social cognition and empathy, may predispose individuals to aggressive tendencies after head trauma.A total of 47 individuals referred f...

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Published in: Brain Injury
ISSN: 0269-9052 1362-301X
Published: Taylor and Francis 2019
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa45474
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first_indexed 2018-11-06T20:16:27Z
last_indexed 2019-08-13T15:15:24Z
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spelling 2019-08-13T11:54:31.4843546 v2 45474 2018-11-06 Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury 21dc2ebf100cf324becc27e8db6fde8d 0000-0002-0791-744X Claire Williams Claire Williams true false 2018-11-06 HPS Aggressive behavior is a frequent legacy of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study explores the question of how alexithymia, which is associated with deficits in social cognition and empathy, may predispose individuals to aggressive tendencies after head trauma.A total of 47 individuals referred for routine neuropsychological assessment and advice on the management of long-term neuropsychological sequelae after TBI and 72 demographically matched controls completed the 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ; self and proxy). The incidence of alexithymia and aggressive tendencies was significantly higher in the group with TBI. After controlling for covariates, alexithymia explained an additional 29% of variance in BPAQ total scores in the group with TBI and 11.1% in the control group. Of the three TAS-20 sub-scales, ‘difficulty describing feelings’ emerged as a consistent unique predictor of aggression scores. Higher levels of alexithymia are associated with greater aggressive tendencies post-TBI. The findings offer important theoretical and empirical insights into the prediction of aggression after TBI. Journal Article Brain Injury 33 1 69 77 Taylor and Francis 0269-9052 1362-301X Alexithymia, emotional disturbances, behaviour, prefrontal cortex, brain injuries, TBI 31 12 2019 2019-12-31 10.1080/02699052.2018.1531302 https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02699052.2018.1531302 COLLEGE NANME Psychology COLLEGE CODE HPS Swansea University 2019-08-13T11:54:31.4843546 2018-11-06T15:46:36.9509230 College of Human and Health Sciences Psychology Claire Williams 0000-0002-0791-744X 1 Rodger Llewellyn Wood 2 Holly Howe 3 0045474-17112018165223.pdf AlexithymiaAggressiveTendenciesAcceptedManuscript.pdf 2018-11-17T16:52:23.7630000 Output 988706 application/pdf Accepted Manuscript true 2019-10-30T00:00:00.0000000 true eng
title Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury
spellingShingle Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury
Claire, Williams
title_short Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury
title_full Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury
title_fullStr Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury
title_full_unstemmed Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury
title_sort Alexithymia is associated with aggressive tendencies following traumatic brain injury
author_id_str_mv 21dc2ebf100cf324becc27e8db6fde8d
author_id_fullname_str_mv 21dc2ebf100cf324becc27e8db6fde8d_***_Claire, Williams
author Claire, Williams
format Journal article
container_title Brain Injury
container_volume 33
container_issue 1
container_start_page 69
publishDate 2019
institution Swansea University
issn 0269-9052
1362-301X
doi_str_mv 10.1080/02699052.2018.1531302
publisher Taylor and Francis
college_str College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchytype
hierarchy_top_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_top_title College of Human and Health Sciences
hierarchy_parent_id collegeofhumanandhealthsciences
hierarchy_parent_title College of Human and Health Sciences
department_str Psychology{{{_:::_}}}College of Human and Health Sciences{{{_:::_}}}Psychology
url https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02699052.2018.1531302
document_store_str 1
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description Aggressive behavior is a frequent legacy of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study explores the question of how alexithymia, which is associated with deficits in social cognition and empathy, may predispose individuals to aggressive tendencies after head trauma.A total of 47 individuals referred for routine neuropsychological assessment and advice on the management of long-term neuropsychological sequelae after TBI and 72 demographically matched controls completed the 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ; self and proxy). The incidence of alexithymia and aggressive tendencies was significantly higher in the group with TBI. After controlling for covariates, alexithymia explained an additional 29% of variance in BPAQ total scores in the group with TBI and 11.1% in the control group. Of the three TAS-20 sub-scales, ‘difficulty describing feelings’ emerged as a consistent unique predictor of aggression scores. Higher levels of alexithymia are associated with greater aggressive tendencies post-TBI. The findings offer important theoretical and empirical insights into the prediction of aggression after TBI.
published_date 2019-12-31T04:12:42Z
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