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Report Card Grades on the Physical Activity of Children and Youth Comparing 30 Very High Human Development Index Countries / Gareth, Stratton; Lowri, Edwards

Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Volume: 15, Issue: S2, Pages: S298 - S314

Swansesa University Authors: Gareth, Stratton, Lowri, Edwards, Lowri, Edwards

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DOI (Published version): 10.1123/jpah.2018-0431

Abstract

Background: To better understand the childhood physical inactivity crisis, Report Cards on physical activity of children and youth were prepared concurrently in 30 very high Human Development Index countries. The aim of this article was to present, describe, and compare the findings from these Repor...

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Published in: Journal of Physical Activity and Health
ISSN: 1543-3080 1543-5474
Published: 2018
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URI: https://cronfa.swan.ac.uk/Record/cronfa45481
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Abstract: Background: To better understand the childhood physical inactivity crisis, Report Cards on physical activity of children and youth were prepared concurrently in 30 very high Human Development Index countries. The aim of this article was to present, describe, and compare the findings from these Report Cards. Methods: The Report Cards were developed using a harmonized process for data gathering, assessing, and assigning grades to 10 common physical activity indicators. Descriptive statistics were calculated after converting letter grades to interval variables, and correlational analyses between the 10 common indicators were performed using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients. Results: A matrix of 300 grades was obtained with substantial variations within and between countries. Low grades were observed for behavioral indicators, and higher grades were observed for sources of influence indicators, indicating a disconnect between supports and desired behaviors.Conclusion: This analysis summarizes the level and context of the physical activity of children and youth among very high Human Development Index countries, and provides additional evidence that the situation regarding physical activity in children and youth is very concerning. Unless a major shift to a more active lifestyle happens soon, a high rate of noncommunicable diseases can be anticipated when this generation of children reaches adulthood.
Keywords: children physical activity, sedentary behavior, international comparison, Global Matrix
College: College of Engineering
Issue: S2
Start Page: S298
End Page: S314